Minds and Machines

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 231–246 | Cite as

Why AI Doomsayers are Like Sceptical Theists and Why it Matters

  • John Danaher


An advanced artificial intelligence (a “superintelligence”) could pose a significant existential risk to humanity. Several research institutes have been set-up to address those risks. And there is an increasing number of academic publications analysing and evaluating their seriousness. Nick Bostrom’s superintelligence: paths, dangers, strategies represents the apotheosis of this trend. In this article, I argue that in defending the credibility of AI risk, Bostrom makes an epistemic move that is analogous to one made by so-called sceptical theists in the debate about the existence of God. And while this analogy is interesting in its own right, what is more interesting are its potential implications. It has been repeatedly argued that sceptical theism has devastating effects on our beliefs and practices. Could it be that AI-doomsaying has similar effects? I argue that it could. Specifically, and somewhat paradoxically, I argue that it could amount to either a reductio of the doomsayers position, or an important and additional reason to join their cause. I use this paradox to suggest that the modal standards for argument in the superintelligence debate need to be addressed.


Superintelligence Artificial general intelligence AI risk Existential risk Sceptical theism 



I would like to thank Stephen Maitzen, Felipe Leon and Alexander Kruel for conversations and feedback on some of the ideas in this paper. I would also like to thank an anonymous reviewer for helpful criticism on a previous draft.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawNUI GalwayGalwayIreland

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