Measurement Techniques

, Volume 60, Issue 6, pp 638–642 | Cite as

Features of Determining the Isotope Composition of Carbon in Gaseous, Liquid, and Solid Media

  • Ya. K. ChubchenkoEmail author
  • L. A. Konopel’ko

The main issues and recent achievements in the field of metrological assurance of carbon isotope-ratio analysis are considered. An overview of the existing methods of carbon isotope-ratio analysis of gaseous, liquid, and solid substances is offered. Recommendations for the development of new carbon isotopic reference gaseous mixtures in vessels under pressure traceable to the international standard VPDB are given. The basic error limits required for their certification are formulated.


carbon isotope composition reference materials 


  1. 1.
    E. Cienfuegos, I. Casar, and P. Morales, “Carbon isotopic composition of Mexican honey,” J. Apicult. Res., 36, No. 3/4, 170 (1997).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Chey and B. Wong, “Practice parameters committee of the American College of Gastroenterology,” Am. J. Gastroenterol., 102, No. 8, 1808–1825 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Saudan, N. Baume, N. Robinson, et al., “Testosterone and doping control,” Br. J. Sports Med., 40, 21 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Kelly, K. Heaton, and J. Hoogewerff, “Tracing the geographical origin of food: The application of multi-element and multi-isotope analysis,” Trends in Food Sci. & Technol., 16, 555–567 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. P. Jasper, B. J. Westenberger, J. A. Spencer, et al., “Stable isotopic characterization of active pharmaceutical ingredients,” J. Pharmac. Biomed. Analysis, 35, No. 1, 21–30 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ghosh Prosenjit and W. A. Brand, “Stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry in global climate change research,” Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 228, 1–33 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. D. Coleman, “Geochemical fingerprinting: identification of storage gas using chemical and isotopic analysis,” Underground Storage of Natural Gas – Theory and Practice, M. R. Tek (ed.), Gulf Publishers (1989).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    GOST 31714–2012, Juices and Juice Products. Identification. Determination of Stable Carbon Isotopes by Mass Spectrometry.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    GOST R 55460–2013, Alcoholic Beverages. Identification. A Method for Determining the 13 C/ 12 C Isotope Ratio of Carbon Dioxide in Sparkling Wines and Fermentation Beverages.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    GOST 32710–2014, Alcoholic Products and Raw Materials for Their Production. Identification. A Method for Determining the 13 C/ 12 C Isotope Ratio of Alcohols and Sugars in Wines and Worts.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. M. Galimov, V. S. Sevast’yanov, E. V. Kul’bahevskaya, and A. A. Golyavin, “Identification of the geographical origin of narcotic substances based on carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis,” Mass-Spektrom., 1, No. 1, 1–8 (2004).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Khan, C. Vane, B. Horton, et al., “The application of δ13C, TOC and C/N geochemistry to reconstruct Holocene relative sea levels and paleoenvironments in the Thames Estuary,” J. Quatern. Sci., 3, No. 5, 417–433 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. A. Brand, T. B. Coplen, J. Vogl, et al., “Assessment of international reference materials for isotope-ratio analysis (IUPAC Technical Report),” Pure Appl. Chem., 86, No. 3, 425–467 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    GOST 8.578–2014, GSI. State Verification Schedule for Means of Measuring the Content of Components in Gaseous Media.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    GOST R ISO 6142–2008, Analysis of Gases. Preparation of Gas Mixtures for Calibration. Gravimetric Method.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mendeleev All-Russia Research Institute of Metrology (VNIIM)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics, and Optics (ITMO)St. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations