The Economic Component of Support for the Uniformity of Measurements
- 72 Downloads
The relationship between metrology and economics is discussed. The competitiveness of goods and services in the world market is shown to depend directly on the level of development of metrology. Effective government maintenance of various aspects of support for the uniformity of measurements makes it possible to develop science-based technologies and to manufacture high-tech products. Based on an analysis of the activities of leading foreign and Russian metrological institutes and published data from various research studies, scientific analyses, and annual reports, it is demonstrated that economic success depends, among other things, on the ability to produce and sell precisely measured and reliably tested goods and services.
Keywordsmarket-driven model of economics economic benefits of metrology budget financing metrological support calibration national measurement capabilities national standards base
- 1.A. F. Shiryalkin, Metrology in Aspects of Quality: Textbook [in Russian], Izd. UlGTU, Ulyanovsk (2010).Google Scholar
- 2.B. W. Poulson, “Economic analysis of the National Measurement System,” Report from the 1972–75 Study of the National Measurement System by the NBS Institute for Basic Standards, Sept., 1977.Google Scholar
- 3.Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), www.bipm.org, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 4.GOST R ISO/MEK 17025-2006, General Specifications for the Competence of Test and Calibration Laboratories.Google Scholar
- 5.E. Vollard, “Global confidence through traceability through the International SI system of units,” Glav. Metrolog, No. 4, p. 3 (2005); http://vniim.ru/files/pozdr-wol.pdf, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 6.B. Easton, “Metrology and the economy, electronic version,” www.eastonbh.ac.nz/2000/07/metrology_and_the_ economy_lecture/, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 7.R. Lambert and P. Temple, “The economics of weights and measures in the UK,” www.bis.gov.uk/assets/nmo/docs /legislation/legislation/economic-analysis- final-report.doc, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 8.V. V. Okrepilov, Foundations of Metrology: Textbook [in Russian], Izd. GUAP, St. Petersburg (2008).Google Scholar
- 9.Department of Trade and Industry, National Measurement System Policy Unit, www.bis.gov.uk/files/file32855.pdf, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 10.J. Birch, “Benefit of legal metrology for the economy and society,” www.oiml.org/en/files/pdf_e/e002-e03.pdf, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 11.Metrology – in Short, 3rd ed., www.afrimets.org/Publications/Forms/AllItems.aspx, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 12.A. A. Makogon, “Role and prospects for modern Russian metrology in the course of market development of ecological programs (with examples from the program for use of casing-head gas from oil and the activity of the firm PO Fiztekh),” Innovation, Industry, Finance: Spec. Seminar (2010), www.kipia.info/publication/ rol-i-vozmojnosti-sovremennoyotechestvennoy- metrologii-v-protsessah-ryinochnogo-osvoeniya-ekologicheskih-programm, accessed Jan. 20, 2014.
- 14.MI 2546-99, GSI. Methods for Determining the Economic Effectiveness of Metrological Work.Google Scholar
- 15.Order No. 481 of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation of August 2, 2012, On the Organization in the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia of Work to Implement the Comprehensive Plan of Measures for Realizing the Foundations of the State Policy of the Russian Federation for the Development of Science and Technology through 2020 and in a Long Term Perspective.Google Scholar
- 16.Decree No. 899 of the President of the Russian Federation of July 7, 2011, Stating the Priority Areas for the Development of Science, Technologies, and Engineering in the Russian Federation and a Listing of the Critical Technologies for the Russian Federation.Google Scholar