Advertisement

Measurement Techniques

, Volume 56, Issue 7, pp 747–752 | Cite as

Is there an objective need for an urgent redefinition of the kilogram and mole?

  • T. P. Hill
  • V. V. Khruschov
FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS IN METROLOGY

Reasons for postponing the adoption of the new definitions of the SI kilogram and mole based on Resolution 1 of the 24th CGPM are discussed.

Keywords

redefinition of basic SI units Avogadro and Planck constants mole kilogram definitions of the unit of mass 

References

  1. 1.
    BIPM 2011, 24 CGPMResolutions, www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/24_CGPM_Resolutions.pdf, accessed Oct. 24, 2012.
  2. 2.
    R. Steiner, “History and progress on accurate measurements of the Planck constant,” Rep. Prog. Phys., 76, 106101 (1–46), (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Andreas et al., “Counting the atoms in a 28Si crystal for a new kilogram definition,” Metrologia, 48, S1–13 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. M. Mills et al., “Redefinition of the kilogram: a decision whose time has come,” Metrologia, 42, 1–80 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. M. Mills et al., “Redefinition of the kilogram, ampere, kelvin and mole: a proposed approach to implementing CIPM recommendation 1 (CI-2005),” Metrologia, 43, 227–246 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Berengut et al., “Atomic transition frequencies, isotope shifts, and sensitivity to variation of the fine structure constant,” arXiv:1011.4136, 1–24 (2011).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. D. Ivashchuk, S. A. Kononogov, and V. N. Melnikov, “An analysis of the results of measurements of the finestructure constant and their effect on the new definitions of the SI units,” Izmer. Tekhn., No. 8, 25–28 (2011); Measur. Techn., 54, No. 8, 887–892 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. P. Hill and J. Miller, “How to combine independent data sets for the same quantity,” Chaos, 21, 3 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Fraundorf, “A multiple of 12 for Avogadro,” arXiv.1201.5537, 1–3 (2012).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S-Y. Lan et al., “A clock directly linking time to a particle’s mass,” Science, No. 1, 554–557 (2013).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C-W. Chou et al., “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al + optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 104, No. 7, (2010).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Gill, “When should we change the definition of the second?” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 369, 4063–4078 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. V. Khruschov, “Optimum choice of fundamental physical constants with fixed values for redefinition of SI units,” Izmer. Tekhn., No. 10, 3–8 (2011); Measur. Techn., 54, No. 10, 1103–1110 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. P. Hill, J. Miller, and A. P. Censullo, “Towards a better definition of the kilogram,” Metrologia, 48, 83–86 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. T. Chyla, “On the proposed redefinition of the mole,” Metrologia, 49, L11–13 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. A. Bronnikov and V. N. Melnikov, “The fundamental constants and the transition to new definitions of the SI units,” Izmer. Tekhn., No. 11, 3–9 (2010); Measur. Techn., 53, No. 11, 1196–1203 (2010).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. P. Hill, “Criticisms of the proposed New SI,” Accred. Qual. Assur., 16, No. 8–9, 471–472 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    BIPM, New SI: Discussion in the Scientific Literature, www.bipm.org/en/si/new_si, accessed April 10, 2013.
  19. 19.
    De Biévre, Accred. Qual. Assur., 16, No. 3, (2011).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. P. Leonard, “Why the dalton should be redefined exactly in terms of the kilogram,” Metrologia, 49, 487 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. I. Kalinin and S. A. Kononogov, “Redefinition of the unit of thermodynamic temperature and the international (SI) system of units,” Teplofiz. Vys. Temp., 48, No. 1, 26–29 (2010); High Temp., 48, 23–28 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. N. Taylor, “Molar mass and related quantities in the new SI,” Metrologia, 46, L16–19 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. K. Isaev, S. A. Kononogov, and V. V. Khruschov, “On the redefinition of the four basic SI units,” Izmer. Tekhn., No. 2, 3–8 (2013).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. S. Davis, “Possible new definitions of the kilogram,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, A363, 2249–2264 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Jeannin, “What is a mole?: old concepts and new (continued),” Chem. Int., 32, 8–11 (2010).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    CCU Membership, www.bipm.org/en/committees/cc/ccu/ccu_criteria.html, accessed April 10, 2013.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mathematics, Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.All-Russia Research Institute of Metrological Service (VNIIMS)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations