Health (care) and human rights: a fundamental conditions approach
- 884 Downloads
Many international declarations state that human beings have a human right to health care. However, is there a human right to health care? What grounds this right, and who has the corresponding duties to promote this right? Elsewhere, I have argued that human beings have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. Drawing on this fundamental conditions approach of human rights, I offer a novel way of grounding a human right to health care.
KeywordsRight to health Right to health care Human rights Social determinants of health Christopher Boorse Norman Daniels
I would like to thank Dan Brudney, Collin O’Neil, Wibke Gruetjen, and audiences at the Conference on “Is Health Care a Human Right?” at the University of Chicago and the Working Papers in Ethics and Moral Psychology at Mount Sinai for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this article.
- 1.United Nations. General Assembly. 1948. The universal declaration of human rights. Resolution 217(III) A of December 10, 1948. http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights. Accessed 14 July 2016.
- 2.United Nations. General Assembly. 1966. International covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. Resolution 2200A (XXI) of December 16 1966. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CESCR.aspx. Accessed 19 July 2016.
- 5.Dworkin, R. 1977. Taking rights seriously. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
- 6.Nozick, R. 1974. Anarchy, state and utopia. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- 7.Feinberg, J. 1970. The nature and value of rights. In Bioethics and human rights: A reader for health professionals, ed. E.L. Bandman, and B. Bandman, 19–31. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
- 8.US Human Genome Project. 1997. Genetic issues in mental retardation: A report on the arc’s human genome education project. The Arc 1(1). http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc716103/m1/17/. Accessed 20 July 2016.
- 9.Dominguez, K., A. Penman-Aguilar, M.-H. Chang, R. Moonesinghe, T. Castellanos, A. Rodriguez-Lainz, and R. Schieber. 2015. Vital signs: Leading causes of death, prevalence of diseases and risk factors, and use of health services among Hispanics in the United States—2009–2013. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 64(17): 469–478.Google Scholar
- 10.Daniels, N. 2008. Just health: Meeting health needs fairly. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- 11.Boorse, C. 1975. On the distinction between disease and illness. Philosophy of Public Affairs 5(1): 49–68.Google Scholar
- 14.Wilkinson, R., and M. Marmot (eds.). 2003. The social determinants of health: The solid facts, 2nd ed. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- 16.Cranston, M. 1973. What are human rights? London: Bodley Head.Google Scholar
- 17.Gewirth, A. 1996. The community of rights. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- 18.Thomson, J.J. 1971. A defense of abortion. Philosophy & Public Affairs 1(1): 47–66.Google Scholar
- 19.Arthur, J. 1997. Rights and the duty to bring aid. In Ethics in practice, ed. H. LaFollette, 596–604. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- 20.Singer, P. 1997. Famine, affluence, and morality. In Ethics in practice, ed. H. LaFollette, 585–595. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- 21.Griffin, J. 1996. Value judgement: Improving our ethical beliefs. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar