Advertisement

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 259–274 | Cite as

Health (care) and human rights: a fundamental conditions approach

Article

Abstract

Many international declarations state that human beings have a human right to health care. However, is there a human right to health care? What grounds this right, and who has the corresponding duties to promote this right? Elsewhere, I have argued that human beings have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. Drawing on this fundamental conditions approach of human rights, I offer a novel way of grounding a human right to health care.

Keywords

Right to health Right to health care Human rights Social determinants of health Christopher Boorse Norman Daniels 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Dan Brudney, Collin O’Neil, Wibke Gruetjen, and audiences at the Conference on “Is Health Care a Human Right?” at the University of Chicago and the Working Papers in Ethics and Moral Psychology at Mount Sinai for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this article.

References

  1. 1.
    United Nations. General Assembly. 1948. The universal declaration of human rights. Resolution 217(III) A of December 10, 1948. http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights. Accessed 14 July 2016.
  2. 2.
    United Nations. General Assembly. 1966. International covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. Resolution 2200A (XXI) of December 16 1966. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CESCR.aspx. Accessed 19 July 2016.
  3. 3.
    Liao, S.M. 2015. Human rights as fundamental conditions for a good life. In Philosophical foundations of human rights, ed. R. Cruft, S.M. Liao, and M. Renzo, 79–100. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liao, S.M. 2015. The right to be loved. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dworkin, R. 1977. Taking rights seriously. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nozick, R. 1974. Anarchy, state and utopia. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Feinberg, J. 1970. The nature and value of rights. In Bioethics and human rights: A reader for health professionals, ed. E.L. Bandman, and B. Bandman, 19–31. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    US Human Genome Project. 1997. Genetic issues in mental retardation: A report on the arc’s human genome education project. The Arc 1(1). http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc716103/m1/17/. Accessed 20 July 2016.
  9. 9.
    Dominguez, K., A. Penman-Aguilar, M.-H. Chang, R. Moonesinghe, T. Castellanos, A. Rodriguez-Lainz, and R. Schieber. 2015. Vital signs: Leading causes of death, prevalence of diseases and risk factors, and use of health services among Hispanics in the United States—2009–2013. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 64(17): 469–478.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Daniels, N. 2008. Just health: Meeting health needs fairly. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Boorse, C. 1975. On the distinction between disease and illness. Philosophy of Public Affairs 5(1): 49–68.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kingma, E. 2007. What is it to be healthy? Analysis 67(294): 128–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Griffin, J. 2008. On human rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wilkinson, R., and M. Marmot (eds.). 2003. The social determinants of health: The solid facts, 2nd ed. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Marks, S.P. 2013. Emergence and scope of the right to health. In Advancing the human right to health, ed. J.M. Zuniga, S.P. Marks, and L.O. Gostin, 3–24. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cranston, M. 1973. What are human rights? London: Bodley Head.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gewirth, A. 1996. The community of rights. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thomson, J.J. 1971. A defense of abortion. Philosophy & Public Affairs 1(1): 47–66.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Arthur, J. 1997. Rights and the duty to bring aid. In Ethics in practice, ed. H. LaFollette, 596–604. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Singer, P. 1997. Famine, affluence, and morality. In Ethics in practice, ed. H. LaFollette, 585–595. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Griffin, J. 1996. Value judgement: Improving our ethical beliefs. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations