Calculation and Analysis of Energy Parameters of Meltings in Eafs of Conventional and Consteel Design

  • A. N. MakarovEmail author

The calculation and analysis of the efficiency of various methods of heat introduction into a metal bath of the DSP-120 Consteel and conventional design furnaces were performed. The most effective method is the introduction of heat by way of electric arcs having an efficiency of 0.69 to 0.78. Heating of metal charge by gas-oxygen burner torches is less effective, and has the efficiency of 0.45 to 0.55. When heating metal bath by oxidation of coke, which is continuously introduced into slag for the purpose of foaming thereof, the efficiency constitutes 0.28 to 0.36.


electric arc furnace steel torch thermal radiation efficiency 


  1. 1.
    A. N. Makarov, “Effect of the architecture on energy efficiency of electric arc furnaces of conventional and Consteel designs,” Metallurg, 9, 30–36 (2018).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. Raile, “Methods of increasing the efficiency of heating metal scrap metal in electric arc units,” Elektrometallurgia, 5, 26–34 (2012).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. N. Makarov, “Сalculacions of heat transfer in torch furnaces by gas volume radiation laws,” Word J. Eng. Techn., 4, 488–503 (2016). DOI: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu. A. Gudim, I. Yu. Zinurov, A. D. Kiselyov, and A. M. Shumakov, “Rational methods of melting process intensification in modern electric arc furnaces,” Elektrometallurgia, 9, 2–6 (2005).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. A. Kozhukhov, V. V. Fedina, and E. E. Merker, “Study of the foaming of steelmaking slag and its effect on the thermal performance of an electric-arc furnace,” Metallurg, 3, 42–44 (2012).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. N. Makarov and A. Yu. Sokolov, “Electric, geometrical, and thermal parameters of arcs burning in metal vapors,” Elektrometallurgia, 11, 19–24 (2011).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. N. Makarov, “Fundamental laws of physics and calculation of heat transfer in combustion chambers of gas-turbine plants,” World J. Eng. Techn., 5, 358–375 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. N. Makarov, Heat Transfer in Electric Arc and Torch Metallurgical Furnaces and Power Installations [in Russian], Lan, St. Petersburg (2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution“Tver State Technical University”TverRussia

Personalised recommendations