Status and Prospects of Ferroalloys Production in the Russian Federation
Data are presented on the production and consumption of ferroalloys in the Russian Federation from 1994 to 2014. The quantities of the main ferroalloys that were made during this period are compared to the volume of steel production, and a comparison is also made between the structure of ferroalloys production in Russia and abroad. Data on the import, export, and apparent consumption of ferroalloys ate also reported. It is noted that Russia needs to expand its raw-materials base in order to make the main ferroalloys: manganese-, chromium-, and silicon-based ferroalloys. Such expansion is necessary to ensure that Russian companies can compete in the international market and that Russia is not threatened economically. These goals can be accomplished only with the support of the government.
Keywordsferroalloys import export production consumption prospects
- 1.L. I. Leontyev and V. I. Zhuchkov, “Current situation and main trends of development of Russian ferroalloy industry,” Proc. 12th Int. Ferroalloys Congr. Sustainable Future, June 6–9, 2010, Helsinki, Finland, Vol. I, pp. 23–28.Google Scholar
- 2.World Steel Association, World Steel in Figures, 2014, Final, www.worldsteel.org/dms/internetDocumentList/bookshop/World-Steel-in-Figures 2014/document/World%20Steel%20in%20Figures%202014%20Final.pdf.
- 3.O. V. Yuzov, A. M. Sedykh, S. Z. Afonin, and T. M. Petrakova, “Trends in the financial and performance indices of Russian metallurgical companies and pipe manufacturers,” Proc. 13th Int. Congr. Steelmakers, Severskii Pipe Plant, Moscow–Polevskoy (2014), pp. 17–14.Google Scholar
- 4.N. Kh. Mukhatdinov, A. A. Brodov, and K. L. Kosyrev, “Russian ferrous metallurgy at the current stage,” ibid., pp. 14–18.Google Scholar
- 5.N. Kh. Mukhatdinov, A. A. Brodov, and K. L. Kosyrev, “Growth strategy of Russian ferrous metallurgy for the 2014–2020 period and up to 2030,” ibid., pp. 18–22.Google Scholar
- 6.G. V. Serov and V. I. Zhuchkov, “Assessing the production and consumption of ferroalloys in the Russian Federation,” Stal, No. 6, 64–67 (2001).Google Scholar
- 7.L. I. Leontyev, V. I. Zhuchkov, L. A. Smirnov, and V. Ya. Dashevskii, “Ferroalloys production in the world and in Russia,” Stal, No. 3, 43–47 (2007).Google Scholar
- 8.L. I. Leontyev, L. A. Smirnov, V. I. Zhuchkov, and V. Ya. Dashevskii, “Production of steel and ferroalloys in the world,” Electrometallurgiya, No. 2, 2–9 (2008).Google Scholar
- 9.Mineral Commodity Summaries, 1996–2015: USGS Minerals Information, http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/mcs/, acces. 09.10.2015.
- 10.V. I. Zhuchkov, L. A. Smirnov, V. P. Zaiko, and Yu. I. Voronov, Manganese Ferroalloys Technology. Part 1. High-Carbon Ferromanganese, UrO RAN, Ekaterinburg (2007).Google Scholar
- 11.D. Francaviglia, Manganese. A Worldwide Industry Overview: [Mn] Conference, June 1–3, 2005, St. Andrews, Scotland.Google Scholar
- 12.L. P. Tigunov, L. A. Smirnov, and R. A. Menadzhieva, Manganese: Technology, Production, Use, Izd. AMB, Ekaterinburg (2006).Google Scholar
- 13.V. P. Vorob’ev and S. G. Vozzhennikov, “Assessing the prospects for the use of imported high-basicity manganese ores in Russia,” Stal, No. 7, 38–40 (2009).Google Scholar
- 14.V. I. Gusev, V. Ya. Khrolenko, V. M. Ermolov, and A. N. Seregin, “Prospects for the metallurgical conversion of Usinsk manganese ore,” Probl. Chern. Metall. Materialoved., No. 1, 32–35 (2012).Google Scholar
- 15.Ya. V. Dashevskii and V. Ya. Dashevskii, “Manganese for a third metallurgical base in the East,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, OTN., No. 7, 116–121 (1957).Google Scholar
- 16.V. P. Nakhabin, A. S. Mikulinskii, R. A. Nevskii, et al., “Production of silicomanganese and ferromanganese from carbonate ores of the Polunochnaya deposit,” Stal, No 12, 1099–1103 (1960).Google Scholar
- 17.T. P. Khazanova, G. B. Shirer, and N. P. Lyakishev, Growth of the Ferroalloys Industry in the USSR, Tekhnika, Kiev (1961), pp. 122–133.Google Scholar
- 18.N. V. Tolstoguzov and N. F. Yakushevich, “Study of the production of ferromanganese from concentrates of carbonate ores from the Usinsk deposit,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Chern. Metall., No. 4, 55–59 (1967).Google Scholar
- 19.The Raw-Materials Complex of Russia. Chromium Ores, /www.mineral.ru/Facts/russia/161/549/3_06_cr.pdf, acces. 04.24.2015.