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Meccanica

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 469–482 | Cite as

Homotopy simulation of nanofluid dynamics from a non-linearly stretching isothermal permeable sheet with transpiration

  • M. M. Rashidi
  • N. Freidoonimehr
  • A. Hosseini
  • O. Anwar BégEmail author
  • T.-K. Hung
Article

Abstract

In this article we derive semi-analytical/numerical solutions for transport phenomena (momentum, heat and mass transfer) in a nanofluid regime adjacent to a nonlinearly porous stretching sheet by means of the Homotopy analysis method (HAM). The governing equations are reduced to a nonlinear, coupled, non-similar, ordinary differential equation system via appropriate similarity transformations. This system is solved under physically realistic boundary conditions to compute stream function, velocity, temperature and concentration function distributions. The results of the present study are compared with numerical quadrature solutions employing a shooting technique with excellent correlation. Furthermore the current HAM solutions demonstrate very good correlation with the non-transpiring finite element solutions of Rana and Bhargava (Commun. Nonlinear Sci. Numer. Simul. 17:212–226, 2012). The influence of stretching parameter, transpiration (wall suction/injection) Prandtl number, Brownian motion parameter, thermophoresis parameter and Lewis number on velocity, temperature and concentration functions is illustrated graphically. Transpiration is shown to exert a substantial influence on flow characteristics. Applications of the study include industrial nanotechnological fabrication processes.

Keywords

Heat transfer Mass diffusion Nanofluid Materials processing Stretching sheet Homotopy simulation Transpiration Lewis number 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Rashidi
    • 1
  • N. Freidoonimehr
    • 2
  • A. Hosseini
    • 1
  • O. Anwar Bég
    • 3
    Email author
  • T.-K. Hung
    • 4
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering FacultyBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers & Elites Club, Hamedan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityHamedanIran
  3. 3.Gort Engovation Research-Propulsion and BiomechanicsBradfordUK
  4. 4.Bioengineering, Swanson School of EngineeringUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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