Meccanica

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 1127–1143

Locally similar solutions for hydromagnetic and thermal slip flow boundary layers over a flat plate with variable fluid properties and convective surface boundary condition

Article

Abstract

This paper presents heat transfer process in a two-dimensional steady hydromagnetic convective flow of an electrically conducting fluid over a flat plate with partial slip at the surface of the boundary subjected to the convective surface heat flux at the boundary. The analysis accounts for both temperature-dependent viscosity and temperature dependent thermal conductivity. The local similarity equations are derived and solved numerically using the Nachtsheim-Swigert iteration procedure. Results for the dimensionless velocity, temperature and ambient Prandtl number within the boundary layer are displayed graphically delineating the effect of various parameters characterizing the flow. The results show that momentum boundary layer thickness significantly depends on the surface convection parameter, Hartmann number and on the sign of the variable viscosity parameter. The results also show that plate surface temperature is higher when there is no slip at the plate compared to its presence. For both slip and no-slip cases surface temperature of the plate can be controlled by controlling the strength of the applied magnetic field. In modelling the thermal boundary layer flow with variable viscosity and variable thermal conductivity, the Prandtl number must be treated as a variable irrespective of flow conditions whether there is slip or no-slip at the boundary to obtain realistic results.

Keywords

Convective flow Heat transfer Similar solution Slip flow Variable thermal conductivity Variable viscosity 

Nomenclature

Roman

A

constant appears in (9)

a

surface convection parameter

B

magnetic induction [Wb m−2]

B0

constant

Cf

local skin-friction coefficient

c

constant

cp

specific heat at constant pressure [kJ kg−1 K−1]

f

dimensionless stream function

Ha

Hartmann number

hw

convective heat transfer coefficient [W m−2 K−1]

L

slip length [m]

Knx,L

local Knudsen number based on slip length

Knx,δ

local Knudsen number based on mean free path

Nux

local Nusselt number

Pr 

variable Prandtl number

Pr 

ambient Prandtl number

Rex

local Reynolds number

Tr

constant appears in (9)

Tw

temperature at the surface of the plate [K]

T

temperature of the fluid within the boundary layer [K]

T

temperature of the ambient fluid [K]

U

free stream velocity [m s−1]

u,v

the x- and y-components of the velocity field [m s−1]

x,y

distance along and normal to the plate [m]

Greek

ρ

fluid density [kg m−3]

ε

thermal conductivity parameter

μ

dynamic viscosity [Pa s]

μ

dynamic viscosity at ambient temperature [Pa s]

υ

kinematic viscosity [m2 s−1]

δ

slip parameter

σ

tangential momentum accommodation coefficient

σ0

magnetic permeability [N A−2]

λ

mean free path [m]

ψ

stream function [m2 s−1]

η

similarity variable

θ

dimensionless temperature

θr

variable viscosity parameter

κ

thermal conductivity [W m−1 K−1]

κ

thermal conductivity at ambient temperature [W m−1 K−1]

γ

constant appears in (8)

Subscripts

w;∞

surface condition; ambient condition

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of ScienceSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatSultanate of Oman

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