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Metabolic Brain Disease

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 159–165 | Cite as

Anti-inflammation and antioxidant effect of Cordymin, a peptide purified from the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps sinensis, in middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced focal cerebral ischemia in rats

  • Jie Wang
  • Yong-Mei Liu
  • Wei Cao
  • Kui-Wu Yao
  • Zhen-Quan Liu
  • Jian-You Guo
Original Paper

Abstract

Cordymin is a peptide purified from the medicinal mushroom Cordyceps sinensis. The present study investigated the effects of Cordymin in prevention of focal cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (IR) injury. The right middle cerebral artery occlusion model was used in the study. The effects of Cordymin on mortality rate, neurobehavior, grip strength, glutathione content, lipid Peroxidation, glutathione peroxidase activity, glutathione reductase activity, catalase activity, Na+K+ATPase activity glutathione S transferase activity and on the regulation of C3 and C4 protein level, polymorphonuclear cells, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α in a rat model were studied respectively. Treatment (orally) of Cordymin significantly boosted the defense mechanism against cerebral ischemia by increasing antioxidants activity related to lesion pathogenesis. Restoration of the antioxidant homeostasis in the brain after reperfusion may have helped the brain recover from ischemic injury. Moreover, Cordymin significantly inhibited infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells and IR-induced up-regulation of the brain production of C3 protein level, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α. Cordymin significantly improved the outcome in rats after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion in terms of neurobehavioral function. Our findings suggest that cordymin have a neuroprotective effect in the ischemic brain, which is due to the inhibition of inflammation and increase of antioxidants activity related to lesion pathogenesis. Cordymin can be used as potential preventive agent against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Keywords

Cordymin Cordyceps sinensis Focal cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (IR) injury MCAO 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.81173166);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Special Project(No.2010030224);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No.20090450546), the project from Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, NNSF grant (30800301, 31170992), the Key New Drugs Innovation project from Ministry of Science and Technology (2010ZX09102-201-018) and the Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-YW-R-254, KSCX2-EW-Q-18 and KSCX2-EW-J-8).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guang’anmen HospitalChina Academy of Chinese Medical SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Basic Medical SciencesBeijing University of Chinese MedicineBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Mental HealthInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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