Multiple non-catalytic ADAMs are novel integrin α4 ligands
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The ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) protein family uniquely exhibits both catalytic and adhesive properties. In the well-defined process of ectodomain shedding, ADAMs transform latent, cell-bound substrates into soluble, biologically active derivatives to regulate a spectrum of normal and pathological processes. In contrast, the integrin ligand properties of ADAMs are not fully understood. Emerging models posit that ADAM–integrin interactions regulate shedding activity by localizing or sequestering the ADAM sheddase. Interestingly, 8 of the 21 human ADAMs are predicted to be catalytically inactive. Unlike their catalytically active counterparts, integrin recognition of these “dead” enzymes has not been largely reported. The present study delineates the integrin ligand properties of a group of non-catalytic ADAMs. Here we report that human ADAM11, ADAM23, and ADAM29 selectively support integrin α4-dependent cell adhesion. This is the first demonstration that the disintegrin-like domains of multiple catalytically inactive ADAMs are ligands for a select subset of integrin receptors that also recognize catalytically active ADAMs.
KeywordsADAM Disintegrin Integrin Cell adhesion Lymphocyte
This research was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health and internal funds from the Arkansas College of Osteopathic Medicine and Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University.
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