Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antioxidant enzyme system in human population exposed to radiation from mobile towers

  • Sachin Gulati
  • Anita Yadav
  • Neeraj Kumar
  • Kanu Priya
  • Neeraj K. Aggarwal
  • Ranjan Gupta
Article
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

In the present era, cellular phones have changed the life style of human beings completely and have become an essential part of their lives. The number of cell phones and cell towers are increasing in spite of their disadvantages. These cell towers transmit radiation continuously without any interruption, so people living within 100s of meters from the tower receive 10,000 to 10,000,000 times stronger signal than required for mobile communication. In the present study, we have examined superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity, catalase (CAT) enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation assay, and effect of functional polymorphism of SOD and CAT antioxidant genes against mobile tower-induced oxidative stress in human population. From our results, we have found a significantly lower mean value of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) enzyme activity, catalase (CAT) enzyme activity, and a high value of lipid peroxidation assay in exposed as compared to control subjects. Polymorphisms in antioxidant MnSOD and CAT genes significantly contributed to its phenotype. In the current study, a significant association of genetic polymorphism of antioxidant genes with genetic damage has been observed in human population exposed to radiations emitted from mobile towers.

Keywords

Antioxidant gene polymorphism Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) Mobile tower base stations Oxidative stress Reactive oxygen species 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sachin Gulati
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anita Yadav
    • 1
  • Neeraj Kumar
    • 1
  • Kanu Priya
    • 1
  • Neeraj K. Aggarwal
    • 3
  • Ranjan Gupta
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.Department of MicrobiologyKurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia

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