Alterations in gene promoter methylation and transcript expression induced by cisplatin in comparison to 5-Azacytidine in HeLa and SiHa cervical cancer cell lines
Despite recent advances in treatment, cervical cancer still remains one of the leading causes of cancer related mortality among women worldwide including India. Chemoradiation treatment is the standard-of-care which involves administration of cisplatin, a radiosensitizer along with radiation. The epigenetic changes induced by cisplatin are not known and so we designed this in vitro experimental study. We evaluated the changes induced by cisplatin administration in gene promoter methylation and the transcript levels of set of 7 genes and compared it to the changes induced by 5-Azacytidine, a known demethylating agent in two cervical cancer cell lines: HeLa (adenocarcinoma derived) and SiHa (squamous cell carcinoma derived) cell lines. Overall, there was a pronounced cytotoxic and growth inhibitory effect of both the drugs alone and in combination for both the cell lines which was dose and time dependent. Cisplatin as well as 5-Azacytidine treatment affected gene promoter methylation status resulting in demethylation and re-expression of the genes under investigation which was more pronounced in case of SiHa cells as compared to HeLa cells. Further, both the drugs acted in synergism as evident from their combination treatment. Therefore, at the cellular level, cisplatin and 5-Azacytidine can induce epigenetic changes in gene promoter methylation with altered expression which can have implications for treatment of cervical cancer.
KeywordsCisplatin 5-Azacytidine Methylation Transcript expression SiHa HeLa
This study was supported financially by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi India vide Grant No. 5/13/79/06/NCD-III.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The authors have no conflict of Interest or financial disclosures to declare. The study does not involve human participants and/or animals. It is solely carried out on cell lines. Hence informed consent is not applicable. The study has been carried out in accordance with the Institute ethics committee guidelines.
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