Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 373, Issue 1–2, pp 125–135

Sex-dependent differences in rat brown adipose tissue mitochondrial biogenesis and insulin signaling parameters in response to an obesogenic diet

  • A. Nadal-Casellas
  • M. Bauzá-Thorbrügge
  • A. M. Proenza
  • M. Gianotti
  • I. Lladó


Marked sex-dependent differences in mitochondrial function and redox status have been found in brown adipose tissue (BAT) of control rats. Insulin also plays a role in the development and maintenance of this tissue. The aim was to investigate sexual dimorphism in the effects of diet-induced obesity on BAT mitochondrial function, as well as on insulin signaling pathway. 10-week-old Wistar rats of both sexes were fed a control diet or a palatable high-fat diet for 26 weeks. Serum markers of insulin sensitivity were analyzed. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, mitochondrial oxidative activities, PGC-1α mRNA levels, as well as the protein levels of insulin receptor subunit β (IRβ), glucose transporter GLUT4, β3-adrenergic receptor (β3-AR), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COX IV), and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) were measured in BAT. Obese females showed impaired systemic insulin sensitivity accompanied by diminished IRβ, GLUT4, and β3-AR protein levels in BAT. In addition, TFAM and COX IV protein and PGC-1α mRNA levels decreased in obese females, whereas mtDNA levels increased. In obese males, oxidative and thermogenic capacities rose and no significant changes were observed in the insulin signaling pathway elements. The reduction of the insulin signaling pathway in BAT of obese females may be responsible, at least partially, for the impaired biogenesis process, which could favor the increase of body weight found in this sex. In contrast, the enhanced mitochondrial functionality in the BAT of males would avoid increased oxidative damage and the impairment of insulin signaling.


High-fat diet Energy balance Insulin sensitivity Mitochondrial biogenesis Oxidative stress Sex differences 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nadal-Casellas
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Bauzá-Thorbrügge
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. M. Proenza
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Gianotti
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Lladó
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Grup de Metabolisme Energètic i Nutrició, Departament de Biologia Fonamental i Ciències de la SalutInstitut Universitari d’Investigació en Ciències de la Salut (IUNICS), Universitat de les Illes BalearsPalmaSpain
  2. 2.Ciber Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CB06/03)Instituto de Salud Carlos III

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