Neuregulin-1 suppresses cardiomyocyte apoptosis by activating PI3K/Akt and inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore
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Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) has been shown to attenuate cardiomyocyte apoptosis but the underlying signaling mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we focused on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and PI3K/Akt pathway to investigate the effects of NRG-1 on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocyte. Human cardiac myocytes and neonatal rat cardiac myocytes were exposed to hydrogen peroxide with or without pre-treatment with recombinant human neuregulin-1 (rhNRG-1). Cell apoptosis and mPTP opening were assayed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. The activation of Akt was detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that H2O2 induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and activated mPTP. rhNRG-1 inhibited mPTP and activated Akt in the presence of H2O2, and further protected the cells from H2O2-induced apoptosis. However, rhNRG-1 failed to inhibit mPTP opening and cell apoptosis in the presence of PI3K inhibitor LY294002. Taken together, these findings suggest that NRG-1 activates PI3K/Akt signaling and inhibits mPTP opening, and downstream apoptotic events in cardiac myocytes subjected to oxidative stress.
KeywordsNeuregulin Apoptosis Mitochondria Cardiac myocyte
This study was supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 7102043). We thank Zensun Sci & Tech Ltd. (Shanghai, China) for providing neuregulin-1.
Conflict of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest.
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