Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 353, Issue 1–2, pp 35–40 | Cite as

The emerging role of microRNAs in asthma



Asthma is a common chronic airways disease that worldwide affects people from all ethnic backgrounds. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of 18–25 nucleotides that have been shown to regulate gene expression via the RNA interference pathway and found to play fundamental roles in diverse biological and pathological processes. Intriguingly, changes in the expression of several miRNAs are associated with development of asthma. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the role of miRNAs in asthma to both better understand the pathogenesis of this disease and aid in the formulation of more effective therapeutic strategies.


miRNA Asthma Allergic disease Th2 response 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of MedicineXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.NIHR Translational Research Facility in Respiratory Medicine Group, School of Translational Medicine University of ManchesterManchesterUK

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