Bioinformatic identification of novel protein phosphatases in the dog genome
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Protein kinases and protein phosphatases constitute about 2–4% of the genes in a typical eukaryotic genome. Protein phosphatases are important players in many cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, cell adhesion, and motility. In this study, we identified, classified, and analyzed protein phosphatase complement of the dog genome. In this article, we report the identification of at least 178 putative protein phosphatases in dog which include 51 PSTPs, 112 PTPs, and 15 Asp-based protein phosphatases. Interestingly, we found at least five novel protein phosphatases in dog, namely DUSP5L, DUSP18L, MTMR9L, MTMR12L, and PPP6CL which are not present in human, mouse, rat, and cow. In addition, we found PTP4A1-rt, a retro-transposed copy of the PTP4A1 gene, in chromosome 27. Furthermore, we modeled three-dimensional structures of the catalytic domains of these putative protein phosphatases and aligned them to see the structural similarities between them. We docked PPP2CA with okadaic acid and calculated the value of affinity energy as −8.8 kcal/mol. Our nucleotide substitution rate study revealed that apparently none of the phosphatase family is under significantly higher evolutionary pressure.
KeywordsDog Canis familiaris Phosphatases Phosphatome PSTP PTP
This study was supported by an INHA UNIVERSITY Research Grant.
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