Small heat shock protein Hsp20 (HspB6) as a partner of 14-3-3γ
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Interaction of human 14-3-3γ with the small heat shock protein Hsp20 was analyzed by means of size-exclusion chromatography and chemical crosslinking. Unphosphorylated Hsp20 and its mutant S16D mimicking phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase did not interact with 14-3-3. Phosphorylated Hsp20 formed a tight complex with 14-3-3 in which dimer of 14-3-3 was bound to dimer of Hsp20. 14-3-3 did not affect the chaperone activity of unphosphorylated Hsp20 but increased the chaperone activity of phosphorylated Hsp20 if insulin was used as a model substrate. Estimation of the effect of 14-3-3 on the chaperone activity of Hsp20 with other model substrates was complicated by the fact that under in vitro conditions isolated 14-3-3 possessed its own high chaperone activity. Taken into account high content of Hsp20 in different muscles it is supposed that upon phosphorylation Hsp20 might effectively compete with multiple protein targets of 14-3-3 and by this means indirectly affect many intracellular processes.
Keywordssmall heat shock proteins phosphorylation 14-3-3 chaperone activity
γ-isoform of recombinant human 14-3-3 protein
recombinant small heat shock protein with apparent molecular mass 20 kDa
Hsp20 phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase
- S16D mutant of Hsp20
mutant with replacing Ser16 by Asp
small heat shock proteins
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