Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 292, Issue 1–2, pp 59–67 | Cite as

Pretreatment with alcoholic extract of shape Crataegus oxycantha (AEC) activates mitochondrial protection during isoproterenol – induced myocardial infarction in rats

  • R. Jayalakshmi
  • C. J. Thirupurasundari
  • S. Niranjali Devaraj


Crataegus oxycantha (hawthorn) is used in herbal and homeopathic medicine as a cardiotonic. The present study was done to investigate the effect of the alcoholic extract of Crataegus oxycantha (AEC) on mitochondrial function during experimentally induced myocardial infarction in rat. AEC was administered orally to male albino rats (150–200 g), at a dosage of 0.5 ml/100 g body weight/day, for 30 days. At the end of the experimental period, the animals were administered isoproterenol (85 mg/kg body weight, s.c) for 2 days at an interval of 24 h. After 48 h, the rats were anaesthetized and sacrificed. The hearts were homogenized for biochemical and electron microscopic analysis. AEC pretreatment maintained mitochondrial antioxidant status, prevented mitochondrial lipid peroxidative damage and decrease in Kreb's cycle enzymes induced by isoproterenol in rat heart.


alcoholic extract of Crataegus mitochondria lipid peroxidation antioxidant isoproterenol 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Jayalakshmi
    • 1
  • C. J. Thirupurasundari
    • 1
  • S. Niranjali Devaraj
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

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