Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 269, Issue 1, pp 49–57 | Cite as

Reduced inhibitor 1 and 2 activity is associated with increased protein phosphatase type 1 activity in left ventricular myocardium of one-kidney, one-clip hypertensive rats

  • Ramesh C. GuptaEmail author
  • Sudhish Mishra
  • Xiao-Ping Yang
  • Hani N. Sabbah


In failing hearts, although protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) activity has increased, information about the regulation and status of PP1 inhibitor-1 (INH-1) and inhibitor-2 (INH-2) is limited. In this study, we examined activity and protein expression of PP1, INH-1 and INH-2 and phosphorylation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) phospholamban (PLB), a substrate of PP1 and modulator of SR Ca2+-ATPase activity, in failing and non-failing hearts. These studies were performed in LV myocardium of seven rats with chronic renal hypertension produced by Goldblatt’s one-kidney, one-clip procedure and seven age-matched sham-operated normal controls (CTR). Eight weeks after surgery, LV ejection fraction, LV hypertrophy, and pulmonary congestion were determined in all rats. PP1 activity (nmol 32P/min/mg non-collagen protein) was assessed in LV homogenates using 32P-labeled phosphorylase a as substrate. INH-1 and INH-2 activity was determined in the immunoprecipitate of LV homogenates and expressed as percentage inhibitory activity. Using a specific antibody, LV tissue levels of PP1C and calsequestrin (CSQ), a SR calcium binding protein, which is not altered in failing hearts, were also determined. Further, total and phosphorylated PLB, INH-1 and INH-2 protein levels were determined in the LV homogenate and phosphoprotein-enriched fraction, respectively. The band density of each protein was quantified in densitometric units and normalized to CSQ. Results: rats with chronic renal hypertension exhibited significantly reduced LV ejection fraction and increased LV hypertrophy and pulmonary congestion, characteristics of chronic heart failure (CHF). We found that compared to CTR, (1) both INH-1 (10.2 ± 2 versus 57.5 ± 1; p<0.05) and INH-2 activity (3.8 ± 0.4 versus 36.2 ± 4; p<0.05) were reduced, (2) total and phosphorylated PLB amount reduced, (3) protein level of phosphorylated INH-1 was reduced (2.32 ± 0.1 versus 0.73 ± 0.04; p<0.05) whereas that of phosphorylated INH-2 increased (3.05 ± 0.3 versus 1.42 ± 0.1; p<0.05), and (4) PP1 activity was increased approximately 2.6-fold in rats with CHF (1.59 ± 0.05 versus 0.61 ± 0.01; p<0.05) while protein level of the catalytic subunit of PP1 (PP1C) increased 3.85-fold (0.77 ± 0.05 versus 0.20 ± 0.02; p<0.05). These results suggest that reduced inhibitory INH-1 and INH-2 activity, increased PP1C protein level, and reduced PLB phosphorylation are associated with increased PP1 activity in failing hearts. (Mol Cell Biochem 269: 49–57, 2005)


heart failure protein phosphatases inhibitor-1 inhibitor-2 phospholamban protein phosphorylation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramesh C. Gupta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sudhish Mishra
    • 1
  • Xiao-Ping Yang
    • 2
  • Hani N. Sabbah
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of MedicineHenry Ford Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Health SystemDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department of MedicineHenry Ford Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Health SystemDetroitUSA

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