Directional Wavelets and a Wavelet Variogram for Two-Dimensional Data
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This paper describes two new approaches that can be used to compute the two-dimensional experimental wavelet variogram. They are based on an extension from earlier work in one dimension. The methods are powerful 2D generalizations of the 1D variogram that use one- and two-dimensional filters to remove different types of trend present in the data and to provide information on the underlying variation simultaneously. In particular, the two-dimensional filtering method is effective in removing polynomial trend with filters having a simple structure. These methods are tested with simulated fields and microrelief data, and generate results similar to those of the ordinary method of moments variogram. Furthermore, from a filtering point of view, the variogram can be viewed in terms of a convolution of the data with a filter, which is computed fast in O(NLogN) number of operations in the frequency domain. We can also generate images of the filtered data corresponding to the nugget effect, sill and range of the variogram. This in turn provides additional tools to analyze the data further.
KeywordsDirectional wavelets Wavelet analysis Trend analysis Variogram
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