Mathematical Geology

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 607–623 | Cite as

Conditioning Simulations of Gaussian Random Fields by Ordinary Kriging

  • Xavier EmeryEmail author


Conditioning realizations of stationary Gaussian random fields to a set of data is traditionally based on simple kriging. In practice, this approach may be demanding as it does not account for the uncertainty in the spatial average of the random field. In this paper, an alternative model is presented, in which the Gaussian field is decomposed into a random mean, constant over space but variable over the realizations, and an independent residual. It is shown that, when the prior variance of the random mean is infinitely large (reflecting prior ignorance on the actual spatial average), the realizations of the Gaussian random field are made conditional by substituting ordinary kriging for simple kriging. The proposed approach can be extended to models with random drifts that are polynomials in the spatial coordinates, by using universal or intrinsic kriging for conditioning the realizations, and also to multivariate situations by using cokriging instead of kriging.


Conditional simulation Geostatistics Multi-Gaussian model Random mean Spatial uncertainty 


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Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geology 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringUniversity of ChileSantiagoChile

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