Marketing Letters

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 205–216 | Cite as

Brand personality: A meta-analytic review of antecedents and consequences

  • Martin EisendEmail author
  • Nicola E. Stokburger-Sauer


This article presents a meta-analysis on brand personality (BP) by investigating the antecedents and consequences of the BP dimensions of sincerity, excitement, competence, sophistication, and ruggedness, as suggested by Aaker (Journal of Marketing Research 34:347–356, 1997). The authors synthesize the results from 76 independent samples in 56 studies. The meta-analysis finds several new empirical generalizations about BP. First, the key drivers of BP are communication with hedonic benefit claims, branding activities, a brand’s country-of-origin, and consumer personalities. Second, the study finds that the effects of BP are stronger for mature brands than for brands in the early life cycle stages. Third, sincerity and competence have the strongest influence on brand success variables (e.g., brand attitude, image, commitment, purchase intention), while excitement and ruggedness have the weakest influence on brand attitude and brand commitment.


Brand personality Brand personality dimensions Brand relationship strength Brand loyalty Meta-analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European University ViadrinaFrankfurt (Oder)Germany
  2. 2.Department of Strategic Management, Marketing and TourismUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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