Marine Geophysical Research

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 127–136 | Cite as

Continuous resistivity profiling survey in Mersin Harbour, Northeastern Mediterranean Sea

  • Mahmut Okyar
  • Sedat Yılmaz
  • Devrim Tezcan
  • Hakan Çavaş
Original Research Paper


No detailed information has previously been available on the geological and geophysical characteristics of the sea floor and the underlying strata of Mersin Harbour, Northeastern Mediterranean Sea (Turkey). Continuous resistivity profiling (CRP) and borehole data from Mersin Harbour were used to interpret geoelectric stratigraphy of Neogene-Quaternary sediments in the area. This represents one of few such detailed case studies that have applied these valuable CRP techniques for the purpose of marine stratigraphic imaging. It was found that the Neogene-Quaternary sedimentary succession in the area consists of three geoelectric units (GU1, GU2, and GU3 from base to top). The lowest unit, GU1, has a resistivity value of greater than 20.0 ohm-m and consists of Miocene aged limestone and marl. The middle unit, GU2, is characterized by resistivity values ranging from 3.0 to 20.0 ohm-m. Its thickness is greater than 90 m, with the upper section being composed of stiff clay sequences which are Plio-Pleistocene in age. The uppermost unit, GU3, has resistivity values varying from 1.0 to 3.0 ohm-m. This unit displays a maximum thickness of 15 m, and is composed of Holocene muds together with gravel, sand, silt and clay (sometimes incorporating shells) materials of the Plio-Pleistocene age and their various mixtures, silty/clay limestone, and conglomerate sandstone. Comparisons of the geoelectric units with the depositional sequences interpreted from the available seismic data outwith, but close to, Mersin Harbour reveal that the geoelectric unit GU3 corresponds to the depositional sequences C (mainly Holocene) and B (mainly Plio-Pleistocene). The geoelectric unit GU2 partly correlates with the depositional sequence B which appears to be Plio-Pleistocene in age. The geoelectric unit GU1, which has not been encountered in previous seismic surveys, is a new discovery within Mersin Harbour. Limited correlation between the seismic and resistivity structures in the study area is attributed to differences in the acoustic impedance and resistivity contrasts of sub-bottom layers, as well as the penetration versus resolution performance of the systems.


Marine geophysics Resistivity profiling Sea floor Mersin Harbour Turkey Mediterranean sea 



We would like to thank Editor-in-Chief Dr. Amy Draut, reviewer Dr. Tim Eaton and one anonymous reviewer for their constructive criticism, which have contributed to important improvements in this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmut Okyar
    • 1
  • Sedat Yılmaz
    • 1
  • Devrim Tezcan
    • 2
  • Hakan Çavaş
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geophysics, Engineering FacultySüleyman Demirel UniversityIspartaTurkey
  2. 2.Institute of Marine SciencesMiddle East Technical UniversityMersinTurkey
  3. 3.JS Geophysical Service and Advanced Technologies CompanyAnkaraTurkey

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