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Marine Geophysical Researches

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 135–158 | Cite as

Crustal structure and tectonic provinces of the Riiser-Larsen Sea area (East Antarctica): results of geophysical studies

  • G. Leitchenkov
  • J. Guseva
  • V. Gandyukhin
  • G. Grikurov
  • Y. Kristoffersen
  • M. Sand
  • A. Golynsky
  • N. Aleshkova
Original Research Paper

Abstract

About 16,000 km of multichannel seismic (MCS), gravity and magnetic data and 28 sonobuoys were acquired in the Riiser-Larsen Sea Basin and across the Gunnerus and Astrid Ridges, to study their crustal structure. The study area has contrasting basement morphologies and crustal thicknesses. The crust ranges in thickness from about 35 km under the Riiser-Larsen Sea shelf, 26–28 km under the Gunnerus Ridge, 12–17 km under the Astrid Ridge, and 9.5–10 km under the deep-water basin. A 50-km-wide block with increased density and magnetization is modeled from potential field data in the upper crust of the inshore zone and is interpreted as associated with emplacement of mafic intrusions into the continental margin of the southern Riiser-Larsen Sea. In addition to previously mapped seafloor spreading magnetic anomalies in the western Riiser-Larsen Sea, a linear succession from M2 to M16 is identified in the eastern Riiser-Larsen Sea. In the southwestern Riiser-Larsen Sea, a symmetric succession from M24B to 24n with the central anomaly M23 is recognized. This succession is obliquely truncated by younger lineation M22–M22n. It is proposed that seafloor spreading stopped at about M23 time and reoriented to the M22 opening direction. The seismic stratigraphy model of the Riiser-Larsen Sea includes five reflecting horizons that bound six seismic units. Ages of seismic units are determined from onlap geometry to magnetically dated oceanic basement and from tracing horizons to other parts of the southern Indian Ocean. The seaward edge of stretched and attenuated continental crust in the southern Riiser-Larsen Sea and the landward edge of unequivocal oceanic crust are mapped based on structural and geophysical characteristics. In the eastern Riiser-Larsen Sea the boundary between oceanic and stretched continental crust is better defined and is interpreted as a strike-slip fault lying along a sheared margin.

Keywords

Antarctica Continental margin Riiser-Larsen Sea Geophysical data Seismic stratigraphy Crust 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This contribution is part of a joint research project between PMGE/VNIIOkeangeologia, the University of Bergen and NPD. Project support was provided by NPD. We thank Harald Brekke and Olvar Løvas from NPD for their support and encouragement during the project. We are grateful to Alan Cooper for his helpful comments and for language improvement and to an anonymous reviewer for his constructive criticism.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Leitchenkov
    • 1
  • J. Guseva
    • 2
  • V. Gandyukhin
    • 2
  • G. Grikurov
    • 1
  • Y. Kristoffersen
    • 3
  • M. Sand
    • 4
  • A. Golynsky
    • 1
  • N. Aleshkova
    • 1
  1. 1.All-Russia Research Institute for Geology and MineralResources of the World Ocean (VNIIOkeangeologia)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Polar Marine Geosurvey Expedition (PMGE)LomonosovRussia
  3. 3.University of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD)StavangerNorway

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