A parametric study on thermo-mechanical vibration of axially functionally graded material pipe conveying fluid

  • Jiayin Dai
  • Yongshou LiuEmail author
  • Huichao Liu
  • Changxu Miao
  • Guojun Tong


In this article, we study the thermo-elastic vibration of axially functionally graded material (FGM) pipe conveying fluid considering temperature changes. The governing equation based on Euler–Bernoulli beam theory is solved by differential quadrature method. The FGM properties are defined by the property ratios and the volume fraction functions. Power volume fraction function and exponent volume fraction function are compared. We also use sigmoid volume fraction functions so that the exclusive influence of function distribution can be isolated from that of total material proportions. The property ratios’ effects of elasticity and thermo-elasticity gradient are also discussed. Based on the numerical results of first-order dimensionless frequencies and critical flow velocities, concerning thermo-elasticity gradient can theoretically change the stability of the pipe. And the influences of the pure distribution on the first-order critical flow velocities are much smaller than that of the varying total proportions of the component materials. These conclusions will hopefully be used as reference for FGM pipe designing and fabricating.


DQM Functionally graded material Pipe conveying fluid Stability Volume fraction function 


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering MechanicsNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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