Stochastic analysis of interphase effects on elastic modulus and yield strength of nylon 6/clay nanocomposites
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The multifunctional properties of polymer clay nanocomposites (PCNs) can be related to the interaction of clays, polymer and interphase region. Several experimental, analytical and numerical studies have been conducted to characterize the mechanical behavior of PCNs. The elastic behavior of PCNs is well documented in the literature but their other material properties like yield strength are rather vague. On the other hand, the variation of material parameters and the stochastic nature of interphase region hinder the use of deterministic methods. In this study, a stochastic analysis along with a hierarchical multiscale method is used to analyze the effect of interphase properties on the macroscopic properties of PCNs. Since the interphase layer is expected to be weaker than the polymer matrix, a weakening coefficient is defined to describe the interphase properties based on the matrix properties. This weakening coefficient and the interphase thickness are considered as the stochastic inputs. The elastic modulus and yield strength of nylon 6/clay nanocomposites are calculated using the stochastic multiscale framework. The uncertainty propagation and sobol sensitivity analysis are performed to study the effect of random inputs on the elastic modulus and yield strength of PCNs. Despite the wide range of input variations, the accuracy of the proposed stochastic multiscale framework for the prediction of the PCNs properties is estimated by validating our results against the available experimental data in the literature.
KeywordsNylon 6/clay nanocomposites Interphase Computational homogenization Stochastic analysis Sensitivity analysis
The authors would like to acknowledge the support from Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF), through Grant No. NPRP 7 - 882 - 2 - 326.
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