Simulation of hyper-velocity impact on double honeycomb sandwich panel and its staggered improvement with internal-structure model

  • Ping Liu
  • Yan Liu
  • Xiong Zhang


The double honeycomb sandwich panel, which was formed by inserting an intermediate facesheet into single honeycomb core, showed better capability than single honeycomb panel in shielding hyper-velocity impact from space debris. Shielding structures with double honeycomb cores are thoroughly investigated with material point method and point-based internal-structure model. The front honeycomb core and the rear honeycomb core are staggered to obtain better shielding effect. It is found that staggered double honeycomb cores can fragment the debris and lessen impact threats much more than original double honeycomb cores. The sizes of the holes on the rear facesheet are greatly reduced, and the panels are not perforated for some impact velocities. Staggered double honeycomb panels can be adopted as novel effective shielding structures for hyper-velocity impacts.


Double honeycomb cores Hyper-velocity impact Material point method Internal-structure model Energy absorption 



Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11472153) and Beijing Higher Education Young Elite Teacher Project (No. YETP0111).


  1. Chen, Z., Hu, W., Shen, L., Xin, X., Brannon, R.: An evaluation of the MPM for simulating dynamic failure with damage diffusion. Eng. Fract. Mech. 69(17), 1873–1890 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gong, W., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., Ma, H.: Numerical investigation on dynamical response of aluminum foam subject to hypervelocity impact with material point method. CMES 83(5), 527–545 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. Huang, P., Zhang, X., Ma, S., Wang, H.: Shared memory OpenMP parallelization of explicit MPM and its application to hypervelocity impact. CMES 38(2), 119–148 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. Johnson, G.R., Cook, W.H.: A constitutive model and data for metals subjected to large strains, high strain rates and high temperatures. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Ballistics, vol. 21, pp. 541–547. The Hague, Netherlands: International Ballistics Committee (1983)Google Scholar
  5. Lambert, M., Schäfer, F.K., Geyer, T.: Impact damage on sandwich panels and multi-layer insulation. Int. J. Impact Eng. 26(1), 369–380 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lathrop, B., Sennett, R.: Effects of hypervelocity impact on honeycomb structures. J. Spacecr. Rockets 5(12), 1496–1497 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lian, Y.P., Liu, Y., Zhang, X.: Coupling of membrane element with material point method for fluid membrane interaction problems. Int. J. Mech. Mater. Des. 10(2), 199–211 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lian, Y.P., Zhang, X., Liu, Y.: An adaptive finite element material point method and its application in extreme deformation problems. Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 241–244(1), 275–285 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Liu, P., Liu, Y., Zhang, X.: Internal-structure-model based simulation research of shielding properties of honeycomb sandwich panel subjected to high-velocity impact. Int. J. Impact Eng. 77, 120–133 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Liu, P., Liu, Y., Zhang, X.: Investigation on high-velocity impact of micron particles using material point method. Int. J. Impact Eng. 75, 241–254 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu, Y., Wang, H.K., Zhang, X.: A multiscale framework for high-velocity impact process with combined material point method and molecular dynamics. Int. J. Mech. Mater. Des. 9, 127–139 (2013)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ma, S., Zhang, X., Qiu, X.: Comparision study of MPM and SPH in modeling hypervelocity impact problems. Int. J. Impact Eng. 36, 272–282 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ryan, S., Schaefer, F., Riedel, W.: Numerical simulation of hypervelocity impact on CFRP/Al hc sp spacecraft structures causing penetration and fragment ejection. Int. J. Impact Eng. 33(1), 703–712 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Seisson, G., Hébert, D., Hallo, L., Chevalier, J.M., Guillet, F., Berthe, L., Boustie, M.: Penetration and cratering experiments of graphite by 0.5-mm diameter steel spheres at various impact velocities. Int. J. Impact Eng. 70, 14–20 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Shen, L.: A rate-dependent damage/decohesion model for simulating glass fragmentation under impact using the material point method. CMES 14(1), 23 (2009)Google Scholar
  16. Sulsky, D., Chen, Z., Schreyer, H.L.: A particle method for history-dependent materials. Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 118(1), 179–196 (1994)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. Sulsky, D., Schreyer, H.L.: Axisymmetric form of the material point method with applications to upsetting and Taylor impact problems. Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. 139(1), 409–429 (1996)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  18. Sulsky, D., Zhou, S.J., Schreyer, H.L.: Application of a particle-in-cell method to solid mechanics. Comput. Phys. Commun. 87(1), 236–252 (1995)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  19. Taylor, E., Herbert, M., Vaughan, B., McDonnell, J.: Hypervelocity impact on carbon fibre reinforced plastic/aluminium honeycomb: comparison with Whipple bumper shields. Int. J. Impact Eng. 23(1), 883–893 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Taylor, E.A., Glanville, J.P., Clegg, R.A., Turner, R.G.: Hypervelocity impact on spacecraft honeycomb: hydrocode simulation and damage laws. Int. J. Impact Eng. 29(1), 691–702 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Turner, R.J., Taylor, E.A., McDonnell, J.A.M., Stokes, H., Marriott, P., Wilkinson, J., Catling, D.J., Vignjevic, R., Berthoud, L., Lambert, M.: Cost effective honeycomb and multi-layer insulation debris shields for unmanned spacecraft. Int. J. Impact Eng. 26(1), 785–796 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhang, X., Lian, Y.P., Liu, Y., Zhou, X.: Material Point Method. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing (2013)Google Scholar
  23. Zhang, X., Liu, Y.: Meshless Methods. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aerospace EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations