Optimization for friction welding parameters with multiple performance characteristics

  • Paulraj SathiyaEmail author
  • S. Aravindan
  • A. Noorul Haq


Friction Welding is a variation of pressure welding method. Though some experience has already been accumulated in the industrial application of friction welding, achieving the optimal processing parameters is still a difficult task. This work is putting a step forward to achieve the best possible design.

This paper presents an investigation on the optimization and the effect of welding parameters on multiple performance characteristics (tensile strength and the metal loss) obtained by friction welded joints. A plan of experiments based on the Taguchi method was designed. The output variables were the tensile strength and metal loss of the weld. These output variables were determined according to the input variables, which are the Heating Pressure (HP), Heating Time (HT), Upsetting Pressure (UP) and Upsetting Time (UT). The main objectives of this study are maximization of tensile strength and minimization of metal loss. By statistical analysis, an optimal level of combination of processing parameters is achieved. To validate the optimization, experience were conducted at optimum parameters.


ANOVA Friction welding Metal loss Microstructure studies Orthogonal array Taguchi method Tensile strength 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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