Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 10–18 | Cite as

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Utilization of Infertility Services: A Focus on American Indian/Alaska Natives

  • Amanda E. JanitzEmail author
  • Jennifer D. Peck
  • LaTasha B. Craig


Objectives Previous studies have identified racial/ethnic disparities in infertility care, but patterns among American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have not been reported. Our objective was to evaluate infertility services use in the US by race/ethnicity using data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Methods We analyzed female respondent data from the pooled NSFG cycles 2002, 2006–2010 and 2011–2013. Respondents reported use of infertility services and types of services. We calculated weighted crude and adjusted prevalence proportion ratios (PPR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) using modified Poisson regression with robust error variances accounting for the complex survey design to compare infertility services use across race/ethnicities. Results Overall, 8.7% of women reported using medical services to get pregnant. The prevalence of using any medical service to help get pregnant was lower for American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) (PPR: 0.60, 95% CI 0.43–0.83) and black (PPR: 0.53, 95% CI 0.44–0.63) compared to white women and in Hispanic compared to non-Hispanic women (PPR: 0.57, 95% CI 0.48–0.67). The prevalence of accessing treatment, testing, and advice also differed by race and ethnicity. Conclusions for Practice We observed disparities in accessing services to get pregnant among AI/AN and black women and reduced use of advice among Asian/Pacific Islanders compared to whites. We also observed reduced service utilization for Hispanic compared to non-Hispanic women. Differential utilization of specific services suggests barriers to infertility care may contribute to reproductive health disparities among underserved populations.


Infertility Services Race Ethnicity Indians, North American 



This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under 1 R40MC29449-01-00 and the Oklahoma Shared Clinical and Translational Resource Institute NIGMS U54 GM104938. The information, content and/or conclusions are those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. The findings and conclusions in this paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Research Data Center, the National Center for Health Statistics, or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda E. Janitz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jennifer D. Peck
    • 1
  • LaTasha B. Craig
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public HealthUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Section of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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