Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 1869–1877 | Cite as

Sleep Duration and Diet Quality Among Women Within 5 Years of Childbirth in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Rui S. Xiao
  • Tiffany A. Moore Simas
  • Sherry L. Pagoto
  • Sharina D. Person
  • Milagros C. Rosal
  • Molly E. Waring
Article

Abstract

Objective Only 9 % of women with young children consume a high quality diet. The association between sleep duration and health may be U-shaped. We examined diet quality in relation to sleep duration among US women within 5 years of childbirth. Methods Data were from non-pregnant women aged 20–44 years within 5 years of childbirth who completed two 24-h dietary recalls (N = 896) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2012. Self-reported weekday/workday sleep duration was categorized as short (≤6 h), adequate (7–8 h), or long (≥9 h). The Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010, range 0–100) estimated overall and components of diet quality. Multivariable-adjusted linear regression models estimated the association between sleep duration and diet quality, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and education. Results Thirty-four percent of women reported short, 57.1 % adequate, and 8.6 % long sleep duration. The average diet quality total score was 47.4 out of 100. Short sleep duration was not associated with diet quality. Long sleep duration was associated with lower quality diet (β = −4.3; 95 % CI −8.1 to −0.4), lower consumption of total fruit (β = −0.7; 95 % CI −1.3 to −0.1), whole fruit (β = −0.9; 95 % CI −1.6 to −0.2), and total protein (β = −0.7; 95 % CI −1.3 to −0.03), and higher consumption of empty calories (β = 2.2; 95 % CI −4.3 to −0.1). Conclusions for practice Future studies should examine the longitudinal association between sleep duration and diet quality among women following childbirth and whether interventions to improve sleep can enhance diet quality.

Keywords

Sleep duration Diet quality Women Childbearing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support provided by NIH Grants UL1TR000161 (RSX), K24HL124366 (SLP), CDC award 1U01DP006093-01 (TMS), KL2TR000160 (MEW), and 1U01HL105268 (MEW).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui S. Xiao
    • 1
  • Tiffany A. Moore Simas
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sherry L. Pagoto
    • 4
  • Sharina D. Person
    • 1
  • Milagros C. Rosal
    • 4
  • Molly E. Waring
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Quantitative Health SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UMass Memorial Health CareUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  4. 4.Division of Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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