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Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 153–160 | Cite as

Gestational Weight Gain Among Hispanic Women

  • Haleh Sangi-HaghpeykarEmail author
  • Kim Lam
  • Susan P. Raine
Article

Abstract

To describe gestational weight gain among Hispanic women and to examine psychological, social, and cultural contexts affecting weight gain. A total of 282 Hispanic women were surveyed post-partum before leaving the hospital. Women were queried about their prepregnancy weight and weight gained during pregnancy. Adequacy of gestational weight gain was based on guidelines set by the Institute of Medicine in 2009. Independent risk factors for excessive or insufficient weight gain were examined by logistic regression. Most women were unmarried (59 %), with a mean age of 28.4 ± 6.6 years and an average weight gain of 27.9 ± 13.3 lbs. Approximately 45 % of women had gained too much, 32 % too little, and only 24 % had an adequate amount of weight gain. The mean birth weight was 7.3, 7.9, and 6.8 lbs among the adequate, excessive, and insufficient weight gain groups. Among women who exercised before pregnancy, two-thirds continued to do so during pregnancy; the mean gestational weight gain of those who continued was lower than those who stopped (26.8 vs. 31.4 lbs, p = 0.04). Independent risk factors for excessive weight gain were being unmarried, U.S. born, higher prepregnancy body mass index, and having indifferent or negative views about weight gain. Independent risk factors for insufficient weight gain were low levels of support and late initiation of prenatal care. Depression, stress, and a woman’s or her partner’s happiness regarding pregnancy were unrelated to weight gain. The results of this study can be used by prenatal programs to identify Hispanic women at risk for excessive or insufficient gestational weight gain.

Keywords

Gestational weight gain Hispanics Depression Support Prenatal care 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None of the authors have a conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kim Lam
    • 1
  • Susan P. Raine
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology Houston, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Texas Children’s Pavilion for WomenBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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