Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 16, Supplement 2, pp 339–346

Is Maternal Food Security a Predictor of Food and Drink Intake Among Toddlers in Oregon?

  • Timothy J. Cunningham
  • Danielle T. Barradas
  • Kenneth D. Rosenberg
  • Ashleigh L. May
  • Charlan D. Kroelinger
  • Indu B. Ahluwalia
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10995-012-1094-8

Cite this article as:
Cunningham, T.J., Barradas, D.T., Rosenberg, K.D. et al. Matern Child Health J (2012) 16(Suppl 2): 339. doi:10.1007/s10995-012-1094-8

Abstract

Food insecurity has detrimental effects on the mental, physical, and behavioral health of developing children. Few studies, however, have sought to determine whether associations exist between food insecurity and intake of vegetables, fresh or canned fruit, candy or cookies, French fries, fast food, water, milk, fruit juices, fruit drinks, soda, and sports drinks. To identify independent associations that exist between maternal food insecurity and food and drink intake among toddlers, population-based data from the 2006–2008 Oregon Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System follow-back survey (Oregon PRAMS-2) of 1,522 mothers of 2-year-old children were analyzed. Maternal food insecurity was defined as mothers’ report of eating less because of lack of money for food. Typical weekly child food and drink intake was examined using polytomous logistic regression: 0–1 days/week, 2–3 days/week, and 4–7 days/week. Maternal food insecurity prevalence was 11.7 %. Compared to toddlers of food secure mothers, toddlers of food insecure mothers consumed vegetables (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] for 4–7 days/week = 0.31; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.12, 0.79) and fruit (AOR for 4–7 days/week = 0.25; 95 % CI 0.08, 0.75) fewer days of the week. Toddlers of food insecure mothers consumed soda (AOR for 4–7 days/week = 3.21; 95 % CI 1.12, 9.14) more days of the week. Maternal food insecurity is associated with weekly intake of certain foods and drinks. Among toddlers, consumption of fewer vegetables and fruit, and more soda may help explain the link between food insecurity and poor health.

Keywords

Food security Vegetables Fruit Soda Toddlers Oregon 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA)  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy J. Cunningham
    • 1
  • Danielle T. Barradas
    • 2
  • Kenneth D. Rosenberg
    • 3
  • Ashleigh L. May
    • 4
  • Charlan D. Kroelinger
    • 2
  • Indu B. Ahluwalia
    • 2
  1. 1.Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Applied Sciences, Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory ServicesCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Reproductive HealthNational Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Office of Family HealthOregon Public Health DivisionPortlandUSA
  4. 4.Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and ObesityNational Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations