Maternal and Child Health Journal

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 1748–1753 | Cite as

Educating Health Professionals in Obstetrics and Gynecology Regarding Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Testing in Labor and Delivery: A Local Initiative

  • Judy Levison
  • Lena T. Williams
  • Anna Moore
  • Jenny McFarlane
  • Jessica A. Davila
Article
  • 260 Downloads

Abstract

Although, the Centers for Disease Control and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have advised rapid HIV testing for laboring women of unknown human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status since 2004 to ensure that results are known prior to delivery, physicians and hospital staff have been slow to follow the recommendation. A multi-component intervention was implemented to educate physicians and hospital staff. There was low baseline knowledge (<50% correct) in the areas of HIV prevalence, use of rapid testing in the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission, and treatment. On 9 out of 14 items, participants demonstrated a >35% increase in correct responses from pre-test to 3 month post-test. Baseline knowledge among obstetric health care providers about how to diagnose and treat newly diagnosed pregnant women was low. Brief exposure to an educational program yielded a marked increase in knowledge that was sustained over 3 months. Educating health professionals in obstetrics and gynecology regarding rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in Labor and Delivery: A local initiative.

Keywords

Physician education Prenatal HIV testing Prevention of perinatal HIV transmission Rapid HIV testing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Funding for this project came from the Texas Department of State Health Services, Division of HIV, STD, and TB, Austin, TX.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judy Levison
    • 1
  • Lena T. Williams
    • 2
  • Anna Moore
    • 3
  • Jenny McFarlane
    • 4
  • Jessica A. Davila
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine and Community MedicineBaylor College of Medicine, Northwest Health CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine Health Services ResearchBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  3. 3.The Harris County Hospital DistrictHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Texas Department of State Health ServicesAustinUSA

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