Depression and Its Influencing Factors Among Mothers of Children with Birth Defects in China
- 232 Downloads
Families of children affected by birth defects suffer from a significant psychological burden across the lifespan, but there have been few studies on this topic in China. Our goal was to assess depression among mothers of children with birth defects (MCBD) and to explore factors influencing depression among MCBD in China. A total of 154 mothers of affected children aged 0–3 years old (MCBD) and 321 mothers of healthy children (MHC) in the same age range took part in the study. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale was used to assess maternal depression, and logistic regression models were used to explore the factors influencing depression among MCBD. MCBD were more depressed than MHC and birth defects were associated with maternal depression after demographic variables were controlled. Poverty was the most important predictor of depression among MCBD. Appropriate interventions for depressed mothers are essential and should focus on poor families.
KeywordsBirth defects Depression Influencing factors China
This research was supported by the Chinese National “973” project on Population and Health (No. 2001CB5103), National Yang Zi Scholar Program.
- 2.WHO. (2000). Primary health care approaches for prevention and control of congenital and genetic disorders. Report of a WHO Meeting, Cairo, Egypt, 6–8 December, 1999. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- 3.Tang, G. Z. (2001). Analysis of the situation and interventions of birth defects in China. Maternal and Child Health Care of China, 16(7), 408–409. in Chinese.Google Scholar
- 4.Waitzman, N. J., Scheffler, R. M., & Romano, P. S. (1996). The cost of birth defects: Estimates of the value of prevention. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.Google Scholar
- 5.Liang, D. M., & Tian, C. Y. (2004). Analysis of influential factors of birth defects and policy to reduce birth defects. Maternal and Child Health Care of China, 19(4), 4–5. in Chinese.Google Scholar
- 21.Zhang, M. Y. (1993). Handbook of rating scales in psychiatry. Changsha, China: Hunan Science and Technology Press. in Chinese.Google Scholar
- 24.Zheng, X. Y. (2001). Thinking and recommendation of implementing strategic interventions to birth defects. Chinese Journal of Family Planning, 2, 77–80. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- 25.Christianson, A., Howson, C. P., & Modell, B. (2006). March of Dimes global report on birth defects—the hidden toll of dying and disabled children. White Plains, New York: March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation.Google Scholar