Effect of Components of a Workplace Lactation Program on Breastfeeding Duration Among Employees of a Public-Sector Employer
- First Online:
- 690 Downloads
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the individual services offered via a workplace lactation program of one large public-sector employer on the duration of any breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding was defined as exclusive feeding of human milk for the milk feeding. A cross-sectional mailed survey approach was used. The sample (n = 128) consisted of women who had used at least one component of the lactation program in the past 3 years and who were still employed at the same organization when data were collected. Descriptive statistics included frequency distributions and contingency table analysis. Chi-square analysis was used for comparison of groups, and both analysis of variance (ANOVA) and univariate analysis of variance from a general linear model were used for comparison of means. The survey respondents were primarily older, white, married, well-educated, high-income women. More of the women who received each lactation program service were exclusively breastfeeding at 6 months of infant age in all categories of services, with significant differences in the categories of telephone support and return to work consultation. After adjusting for race and work status, logistic regression analysis showed the number of services received was positively related to exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and participation in a return to work consultation was positively related to any breastfeeding at 6 months. The study demonstrated that the workplace lactation program had a positive impact on duration of breastfeeding for the women who participated. Participation in the telephone support and return to work consultation services, and the total number of services used were related to longer duration of exclusive and/or any breastfeeding.
KeywordsBreastfeeding Breastfeeding duration Workplace lactation program Public-sector employer
- 3.Roe, B., Whittington, L. A., Fein, S. B., & Teisl, M. F. (1999). Is there competition between breast-feeding and maternal employment? Demography. May, 36(2), 157–171.Google Scholar
- 13.Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). HHS blueprint for action on breastfeeding. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
- 14.U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Breastfeeding among U.S. children born 1999–2006, CDC National Immunization Survey. (2010). U.S. centers for disease control and prevention. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/NIS_data/index.htm. Accessed March 18, 2010.
- 15.American Academy of Pediatrics. (2005). Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics, 115(2), 496–506.Google Scholar
- 17.Bar-Yam, N. B. (2004). Nursing mothers at work: Corporate and maternal strategies to support lactation in the workplace. Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, 6(2), 127–138 (Fall/Winter).Google Scholar
- 18.Society for Human Resource Management. (2009). Employee benefits: Examining employee benefits in a fiscally challenging economy (pp. 1–84). Alexandria, VA: Society for Human Resource Management.Google Scholar
- 22.Stokamer, C. L. (2002, August). Helping new mothers maintain lactation. Federal Practitioner, 10–19.Google Scholar
- 24.Whaley, S. E., Meehan, K., Lange, L., Slusser, W., & Jenks, E. (2002). Predictors of breastfeeding duration for employees of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(9), 1290–1293.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 29.Chatterji, P., & Frick, K. (2003). Does returning to work after childbirth affect breastfeeding practices. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
- 33.Li, R., Darling, N., Maurice, E., Barder, L., & Grummer-Strawn, L. M. (2005). Breastfeeding rates in the United States by characteristics of the child, mother, or family: The 2002 National Immunization Survey. Pediatrics, 115(1), 31–37.Google Scholar
- 35.Johnston, M. L., & Esposito, N. (2007). Barriers and facilitators for breastfeeding among working women in the United States. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological & Neonatal Nursing, 36(1), 9–20.Google Scholar
- 39.U. S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2003). Behavioral interventions to promote breastfeeding. U. S. Preventive Services Task Force [website]. Available at: http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/3rduspstf/brstfeed/brfeedrr.htm. Accessed 08/06/2003.