Language Policy

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 3–26 | Cite as

Emergent China and Chinese: Language Planning Categories



This article extends a taxonomic system initially developed by Kloss to describe constitutional and more broadly legal-political categories for language policy in the United States to the Chinese situation. The article extends the taxonomy of spheres of language planning action from sovereignty and jurisdiction to include influence, acquisition, and retention and recovery. These categories are applied to the wide framework of learning and teaching Chinese that is following in the wake of the vast expansion of the economic and the emergent geo-political presence of China. The taxonomy is used as the basis for discussion of the articles comprised in this special issue of Language Policy whose content and key arguments are incorporated in the present article.


language policy and planning Chinese language education political sovereignty administrative jurisdiction diaspora populations language maintenance 



Language policy and planning


People’s Republic of China


Hong Kong Special Administrative Region


Chinese Proficiency Test for Foreigners


National Office of Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language


Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong or Macau’s post-handover status within China)


United Kingdom


United States of America


World Trade Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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