Language Policy

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 3–26 | Cite as

Emergent China and Chinese: Language Planning Categories

Article

Abstract

This article extends a taxonomic system initially developed by Kloss to describe constitutional and more broadly legal-political categories for language policy in the United States to the Chinese situation. The article extends the taxonomy of spheres of language planning action from sovereignty and jurisdiction to include influence, acquisition, and retention and recovery. These categories are applied to the wide framework of learning and teaching Chinese that is following in the wake of the vast expansion of the economic and the emergent geo-political presence of China. The taxonomy is used as the basis for discussion of the articles comprised in this special issue of Language Policy whose content and key arguments are incorporated in the present article.

Keywords

language policy and planning Chinese language education political sovereignty administrative jurisdiction diaspora populations language maintenance 

Abbreviations

LPP

Language policy and planning

PRC

People’s Republic of China

HKSAR

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

HSK

Chinese Proficiency Test for Foreigners

NOCFL

National Office of Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language

SAR

Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong or Macau’s post-handover status within China)

UK

United Kingdom

US

United States of America

WTO

World Trade Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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