Advertisement

Journal of Philosophical Logic

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 33–51 | Cite as

Truth and Context Change

Article

Abstract

Some dynamic semantic theories include an attempt to derive truth-conditional meaning from context change potential. This implies defining truth in terms of context change. Focusing on presuppositions and epistemic modals, this paper points out some problems with how this project has been carried out. It then suggests a way of overcoming these problems. This involves appealing to a richer notion of context than the one found in standard dynamic systems.

Keywords

Truth Dynamic semantics Presuppositions Epistemic modals 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Beaver, D. (2001). Presupposition and assertion in dynamic semantics. Stanford: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    van Benthem, J. (1986). Essays in formal semantics. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    van der Does, J., Groenenveld, W., & Veltman, F. (1997). An update on Might. Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 6, 99–137.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    von Fintel, K., & Gillies, A. (2007). An opinionated guide to epistemic modality. In T. S. Gendler & J. Hawthorne (Eds.), Oxford studies in epistemology, Vol. 2 (pp. 32–62). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Frege, G. (1892). On Sinn and Bedeutung. In: M. Beaney (Ed.), The Frege reader (pp. 151–171). Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gazdar, G. (1979). Pragmatics: Implicature, presupposition and logical form. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Geurts, B. (1999). Presuppositions and pronouns. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gillies, A. (2001). A new solution to Moore’s paradox. Philosophical Studies, 105, 237–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Groenendijk, J., & Stokhof, M. (1990). Dynamic montague grammar. In L. Kálmám & L. Pólos (Eds.), Proceedings of the second symposion on logic and language (pp. 3–48). Budapest: Eötvös Loránd Press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Groenendijk, J., & Stokhof, M. (1990). Two theories of dynamic semantics. In J. van Eijk (Ed.), Lecture notes in artificial intelligence (Vol. 478, pp. 55–64). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Groenendijk, J., & Stokhof, M. (1991). Dynamic predicate logic. Linguistics and Philosophy, 14, 39–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Groenendijk, J., Stokhof, M., & Veltman, F. (1997). Coreference and modality. In S. Lappin (Ed.), The handbook of contemporary semantic theory (pp. 179–214). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heim, I. (1982). The semantics of definite and indefinite noun phrases in English. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1982. Published by Garland Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Heim, I. (1983). On the projection problem for presuppositions. In P. Portner & B. Partee (Eds.), Formal semantics – the essential readings (pp. 249–260). Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heim, I. (1990). Presupposition projection. In R. van der Sandt (Ed.), Presupposition, lexical meaning and discourse processes: Workshop reader. Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Heim, I. (2008). Features on bound pronouns. In D. Harbor, D. Adger, & S. Bèjar (Eds.), Phi-theory: Phi-features across modules and interfaces (pp. 35–57). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kadmon, N. (2001). Formal pragmatics - semantics, pragmatics, presupposition, and focus. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kamp, H. (1981). A theory of truth and semantic representation. In: P. Portner & B. Partee (Eds.), Formal semantics - the essential readings (pp. 189-222). Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kaplan, D. (1989). Demonstratives. In J. Almog, J. Perry, & H. Wettstein (Eds.), Themes from Kaplan (pp. 481–563). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Karttunen, L. (1973). Presuppositions of compound sentences. Linguistic Inquiry, 4, 169–193.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Karttunen, L. (1974). Presupposition and linguistic context. Theoretical Linguistics, 1, 181–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Karttunen, L., & Peters, S. (1979). Conventional implicature. Syntax and Semantics, 11, 1–56.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Roberts, C. (2003). Uniqueness in definite noun phrases. Linguistics and Philosophy, 26, 287–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rooth, M. (1987). Letter to Irene Heim. (Unpublished personal communication cited in Heim, 1990)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    van der Sandt, R. (1992). Presupposition projection as anaphora resolution. Journal of Semantics, 9, 333–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schlenker, P. (2008). Be articulate! A pragmatic theory of presupposition projection. Theoretical Linguistics, 34, 157–212.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Schlenker, P. (2008). Local contexts. Semantics & Pragmatics, 2, 1–78.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Soames, S. (1989). Presupposition. In Gabbay & Guenthner (Eds.), Handbook of philosophical logic, Vol. IV (pp. 553–616). Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Stalnaker, R. (1970). Pragmatics. In Context and content (pp. 31–46). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Stalnaker, R. (1974). Pragmatic presuppositions. In Context and content (pp. 47–62). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stalnaker, R. (1978). Assertion. In Context and content (pp. 78–95). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Stalnaker, R. (1998). On the representation of context. In Context and content (pp. 96–114). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Stalnaker, R. (1999). Introduction. In Context and content (pp. 1–28). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Stalnaker, R. (2002). Common ground. Linguistics and Philosophy, 25, 701–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Stokke, A. (forthcoming). And and And*. Forthcoming in L. Goldstein (ed.), Be Brief, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Strawson, P. (1950). On referring. Mind, 59, 320–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Veltman, F. (1996). Defaults in update semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic, 25, 221–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yalcin, S. (2007). Epistemic modals. Mind, 116(464), 983–1026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Yalcin, S. (2011). Nonfactualism about epistemic modality. In A. Egan & B. Weatherson (Eds.), Epistemic modality (pp. 295–332). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LanCogUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.CSMNUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations