Linguistics and Philosophy

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 409–436 | Cite as

Demonstratives without rigidity or ambiguity (penultimate draft)

  • Ethan NowakEmail author
Research Article


Most philosophers recognize that applying the standard semantics for complex demonstratives to non-deictic instances results in truth conditions that are anomalous, at best. This fact has generated little concern, however, since most philosophers treat non-deictic demonstratives as marginal cases, and believe that they should be analyzed using a distinct semantic mechanism. In this paper, I argue that non-deictic demonstratives cannot be written off; they are widespread in English and foreign languages, and must be treated using the same semantic machinery that is applied to deictic instances.


Demonstratives Complex demonstratives Semantics Direct Reference Rigidity Pronouns 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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