Learning Environments Research

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 171–193

How learning in an inverted classroom influences cooperation, innovation and task orientation

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10984-012-9108-4

Cite this article as:
Strayer, J.F. Learning Environ Res (2012) 15: 171. doi:10.1007/s10984-012-9108-4


Recent technological developments have given rise to blended learning classrooms. An inverted (or flipped) classroom is a specific type of blended learning design that uses technology to move lectures outside the classroom and uses learning activities to move practice with concepts inside the classroom. This article compares the learning environments of an inverted introductory statistics class with a traditional introductory statistics class at the same university. This mixed-methods research study used the College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI), field notes, interviews and focus groups to investigate the learning environments of these two classrooms. Students in the inverted classroom were less satisfied with how the classroom structure oriented them to the learning tasks in the course, but they became more open to cooperative learning and innovative teaching methods. These findings are discussed in terms of how they contribute to the stability and connectedness of classroom learning communities.


Blended learning Classroom flip Educational technology Intelligent tutoring systems Inverted classrooms Mathematics education Statistics education 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical SciencesMiddle Tennessee State UniversityMurfreesboroUSA

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