Learning Environments Research

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 245–256 | Cite as

Improvements in school climate associated with enhanced health and welfare services for students

  • Angelika AndersonEmail author
  • David R. Thomas
  • Dennis W. Moore
  • Bridget Kool
Original Paper


School improvement initiatives are needed to better meet the needs of underprivileged students, to reduce underachievement and to break a continuing cycle of disadvantage. This article describes part of a school improvement initiative in New Zealand that provided additional funding for school nurse and social worker services in nine secondary schools with the most disadvantaged students in New Zealand. It describes the nature and delivery of services provided by the social workers in these schools. In addition, the article reports changes over time in staff and student views about school climate including a comparison with non-participating schools of similar socioeconomic status. The findings indicated that school climate is a useful intermediate measure of the effectiveness of school improvement initiatives. There were significant improvements in staff views about school climate over time, with staff views about school climate becoming more favourable on scales measuring Improvements in the Last 12 Months and Support for Ethnic Diversity compared to eight non-participating schools. Student views were more favourable on scales measuring Satisfaction with School, Support for Achievement and Support for Ethnic Diversity, compared to the non-participating schools.


Disadvantaged students Ethnic diversity Full service education Healthy Community Schools Initiative (HCS) School climate School improvement Secondary schools Social workers 



The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Education (for funding the HCS pilot study and evaluation), the staff and students of the AIMHI schools who took part in the pilot study, and the staff and students of the comparison schools.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelika Anderson
    • 1
    Email author
  • David R. Thomas
    • 2
  • Dennis W. Moore
    • 1
  • Bridget Kool
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.School of Population HealthUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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