Advertisement

Landscape Ecology

, Volume 29, Issue 9, pp 1541–1550 | Cite as

Landscape fragmentation, land-use legacy and propagule pressure promote plant invasion on coastal dunes: a patch-based approach

  • Marco Malavasi
  • Marta Carboni
  • Maurizio Cutini
  • Maria L. CarranzaEmail author
  • Alicia T. R. Acosta
Research Article

Abstract

Coastal dunes and sand areas are reported to be among the habitats most invaded by alien species in Europe. Landscape pattern could be a significant driver in invasion processes in parallel with land-use legacy. Fragmentation of natural habitats combined with the availability of propagules from the surrounding matrix may enhance the invisibility of ecological communities. Based on multitemporal land cover maps (1954–2008) and a floristic database, we analyzed how habitat fragmentation, propagule pressure and land-use legacy have affected alien plants’ presence and richness on natural dune patches along the Lazio Coast (Central Italy). Floristic data were derived from an existing geo-database of random vegetation plots (64 m2). A set of landscape patch-based metrics, considered to be adequate proxies of the main processes affecting alien invasion and richness, was calculated. First, we fit a generalized linear model (GLM) with binomial errors to assess which landscape metrics are influencing patch invasion. Second, we extracted invaded patches and, with GLMs, we investigated how landscape metrics affect average alien species richness. Alien invasion and alien richness seem to be affected by different processes: although alien invasion of each patch is strongly associated with its land-use legacy, the richness of aliens is more affected by landscape fragmentation and by the propagule pressure to which patch is exposed. By integrating spatial and temporal landscape metrics with floristic data, we were able to disentangle the relations of landscape fragmentation, propagule pressure and land-use legacy with the presence and richness of alien plants. The methodological approach here adopted could be easily extended to other alien species and ecosystems, offering scientifically sound support to prevent the high economic costs derived from both the control and the eradication of aliens.

Keywords

Aliens Landscape pattern Land use change Mediterranean coastal dunes Patch-based metrics Alien invasion Alien richness 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially funded by ENVEUROPE project (LIFE08 ENV/IT/000339).

Supplementary material

10980_2014_74_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 22 kb)

References

  1. Acosta ATR, Blasi C, Stanisci A (2000) Spatial connectivity and boundary patterns in coastal dune vegetation in the Circeo National Park, Central Italy. J Veg Sci 11:149–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acosta ATR, Carranza ML, Izzi CF (2005) Combining land cover mapping of coastal dunes with vegetation analyses. Appl Veg Sci 8:133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alados CL, Pueyo Y, Barrantes O, Escós J, Giner L, Robles AB (2004) Variations in landscape patterns and vegetation cover between 1957 and 1994 in a semiarid Mediterranean ecosystem. Landsc Ecol 19:543–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alofs KM, Fowler NL (2010) Habitat fragmentation caused by woody plant encroachment inhibits the spread of an invasive grass. J Appl Ecol 47:338–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Badano IE, Pugnaire FI (2004) Invasion of Agave species (Agavaceae) in south-east Spain: invader demographic parameters and impacts on native species. Divers Distrib 10:493–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bruno JF, Kennedy CW, Rand TA, Grant MB (2004) Landscape-scale patterns of biological invasions in shoreline plant communities. Oikos 107:531–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carboni M, Carranza ML, Acosta ATR (2009) Assessing conservation status on coastal dunes: a multiscale approach. Landscape Urban Plan 91:17–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carboni M, Santoro R, Acosta ATR (2010a) Are some communities of the coastal dune zonation more susceptible to alien plant invasion? J Plant Ecol 3:139–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carboni M, Thuiller W, Izzi F, Acosta ATR (2010b) Disentangling the relative effects of environmental versus human factors on the abundance of native and alien plant species in Mediterranean sandy shores. Divers Distrib 16:537–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carboni M, Santoro R, Acosta ATR (2011) Dealing with scarce data to understand how environmental gradients and propagule pressure shape fine-scale alien distribution patterns on coastal dunes. J Veg Sci 22:751–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carranza ML, Acosta ATR, Stanisci A, Pirone G, Ciaschetti G (2008) Ecosystem classification for EU habitat distribution assessment in sandy coastal environments. Environ Monit Assess 140:99–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carranza ML, Carboni M, Feola S, Acosta ATR (2010) Landscape-scale patterns of alien plant species on coastal dunes. The case of iceplant in central Italy. Appl Veg Sci 13:135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carranza ML, Ricotta C, Carboni M, Acosta ATR (2011) Habitat selection by invasive alien plants: a bootstrap approach. Preslia 83:529–536Google Scholar
  14. Celesti-Grapow L, Alessandrini A, Arrigoni PV, Banfi E, Bernardo L, Bovio M, Brundu G, Cagiotti MR, Camarda I, Carli E, Conti F, Fascetti S, Galasso G, Gubellini L, La Valva V, Lucchese F, Marchiori S, Mazzola P, Peccenini S, Poldini L, Pretto F, Prosser F, Siniscalco C, Villani MC, Viegi L, Wilhalm T, Blasi C (2009) Inventory of the non-native flora of Italy. Plant Biosyst 143:386–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chytrý M, Maskell LC, Pino J, Pyšek P, Vilà M, Font X, Smart SM (2008) Habitat invasions by alien plants: a quantitative comparison among Mediterranean, subcontinental and oceanic regions of Europe. J Appl Ecol 45:448–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dark SJ (2004) The biogeography of invasive alien plants in California: an application of GIS and spatial regression analysis. Divers Distrib 10:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Domenech R, Vilà M, Pino J (2005) Historical land-use legacy and Cortaderia selloana invasion in the Mediterranean region. Glob Change Biol 11:1054–1064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Drius M, Malavasi M, Santoro R, Acosta ATR, Ricotta C, Carranza ML (2013) Boundary based analysis for the assessment of coastal dune landscape integrity over time. Appl Geog 45:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Essl F, Dirnböck T (2008) Diversity of native and alien vascular plants of dry grasslands in Central Europe. Appl Veg Sci 11:441–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. European Environment Agency (2008) European Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitats Classification. Copenhagen, Denmark. Available from http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/habitats.jsp. accessed Dec 2013
  21. Forman RTT (1995) Land mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  22. Forman RTT, Alexander LE (1998) Roads and their major ecological effects. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 29:207–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Forman RTT, Godron M (1986) Landscape Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. González-Moreno P, Pino J, Carreras D, Basnou C, Fernández-Rebolalr I, Montserrat V (2013) Quantifying the landscape influence on plant invasion in Mediterranean coastal habitats. Landscape Ecol 28:891–903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harrison S, Rice K, Maron J (2001) Habitat patchiness promotes invasion by alien grasses on serpentine soil. Biol Cons 100:45–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hesp PA, Martinez ML (2007) Disturbance processes and dynamics in coastal dunes. In: Johnson EA and Miyanishi K (eds). Plant disturbance ecology. The process and the response. Academic Press, London, pp 215-247Google Scholar
  27. Higgins SI, Richardson DM, Cowling RM, Trinder-Smith TH (1999) Predicting the landscape-scale distribution of alien plants and their threat to plant diversity. Conserv Biol 12:303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hobbs RJ (2000) Land use changes and invasion. In: Mooney HA, Hobbs RJ (eds) Invasive species in a changing world. Island Press, Washington, pp 55–64Google Scholar
  29. Hobbs RJ, Huenneke LF (1992) Disturbance, diversity, and invasion: implications for conservation. Conserv Biol 6:324–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Koch FH, Cheshire HM, Devine HA (2006) Landscape-scale prediction of hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Homoptera: adelgidae), infestation in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Environ Entomol 35:1313–1323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kuhman TR, Pearson SM, Turner MG (2010) Effects of land use history and the contemporary landscape on non-native plant invasion at local and regional scales in the forest-dominated southern Appalachians. Landscape Ecol 25:1433–1445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lonsdale WM (1999) Global patterns of invasions and the concept of invisibility. Ecology 80:223–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Malavasi M, Santoro R, Cutini M, Acosta ATR, Carranza ML (2013) What has happened to coastal dunes in the last half century? A multitemporal coastal landscape analysis in Central Italy. Landsc Urb Plan 119:54–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Malavasi M, Santoro R, Cutini M, Acosta ATR (2014) Carranza ML (2014) The impact of human pressure on landscape patterns and plant species richness in Mediterranean coastal dunes. Plant Biosyst. doi: 10.1080/11263504.913730 Google Scholar
  35. Mattingly WB, Orrock JL (2013) Historic land use influences contemporary establishment on invasive plant species. Oecologia 172:1147–1157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. McKinney ML (2006) Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol Conserv 127:247–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. O’Shea EM, Kirkpatrick JB (2000) The impact of suburbanization on remnant coastal vegetation in Hobart, Tasmania. Appl Veg Sci 3:243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pauchard A, Alaback PB (2004) Influence of elevation, landuse, and landscape context on patterns of alien plant invasions along roadsides in protected areas of South- Central Chile. Conserv Biol 18:238–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pauchard A, Aguayo M, Peña E, Urrutia R (2006) Multiple effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of developing countries: the case of a fast-growing metropolitan area (Concepción, Chile). Biol Cons 127:272–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pino J, Font X, Carbò J, Jové M, Pallarés L (2005) Large-scale correlates of alien plant invasion in Catalonia (NE of Spain). Biol Cons 122:339–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Procheş S, Wilson JRU, Veldtman R, Kalwij JM, Richardson DM, Chown SL (2005) Landscape corridors: possible dangers? Science 310:779PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pyšek P, Hulme PE (2005) Spatio-temporal dynamics of plant invasions: linking pattern to process. Ecoscience. 12:302–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rescia AJ, Schmitz MF, Martind de Agar P, De Pablo CL, Atauri JA, Pineda FD (1994) Influence of landscape complexity and land management on woody plant diversity in Northern Spain. J Veg Sci 5:505–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Richardson DM, Pyšek P (2008) Fifty years of invasion ecology—the legacy of Charles Elton. Divers Distrib 14:161–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Richardson DM, Thuiller W (2007) Home away from home—objective mapping of high-risk source areas for plant introductions. Divers Distrib 13:299–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ricklefs RE (1987) Community Diversity: relative roles of local and regional processes. Science 235:167–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Santoro R, Jucker T, Carboni M, Acosta ATR (2012) Patterns of plant community assembly in invaded and non-invaded communities along a natural environmental gradient. J Veg Sci 23:483–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Schlacher TA, Schoeman DS, Dugan J, Lastra M, Jones A, Scapini F, McLachlan A (2008) Sandy beach ecosystems: key features, sampling issues, management challenges and climate change impacts. Marine Ecol 29:70–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Song IJ, Hong SK, Kim HO, Byun B, Gin Y (2005) The pattern of landscape patches and invasion of naturalized plants in developed areas of urban Seoul. Landscape Urban Plan 70:205–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Thomas SM, Moloney KA (2013) Hierarchical factors impacting the distribution of an invasive species: landscape context and propagule pressure. Landscape Ecol 28:81–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Thuiller W, Richardson DM, Rouget M, Proches S, Wilson RU (2006) Interactions between environment, species traits, and human uses describe patterns of plant invasions. Ecology 87:1755–1769PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Trombulak SC, Frissell CA (2000) Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conserv Biol 14:18–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Urban MC, Phillips BL, Skelly DK, Shine R (2008) A toad more travelled: the heterogeneous invasion dynamics of cane toads in Australia. Am Nat 171:134–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vilà M, Ibáñez I (2011) Plant invasions in the landscape. Landscape Ecol 26:461–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Vilà M, Burriel JA, Pino J, Chamizo J, Llach E, Porterias M, Vives M (2003) Association between Opuntia spp. Invasion and changes in land-cover in the Mediterranean region. Glob Change Biol 9:1234–1239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Walz U (2008) Monitoring of landscape change and functions in Saxony (Eastern Germany)—Methods and indicators. Ecol Indic 8:807–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Weber E (2003) Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. CABI Publishing, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  58. With KA (2002) The landscape ecology of invasive spread. Conserv Biol 16:1192–1203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. With KA (2004) Assessing the risk of invasive spread in fragmented landscape. Risk Anal 24:803–815PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zechmeister HG, Schmitzberger I, Steurer B, Peterseil J, Wrbka T (2003) The influence of land-use practices and economics on plant species richness in meadows. Biol Cons 114:165–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zuur AF, Ieno EN, Smith GM (2007) Analysing ecological data. Springer-Verlag, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Malavasi
    • 1
  • Marta Carboni
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maurizio Cutini
    • 1
  • Maria L. Carranza
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alicia T. R. Acosta
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ScienzeUniversità degli Studi di Roma TreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Ecologie AlpineUniversite Joseph Fourier/CNRS GrenobleGrenoble Cedex 9France
  3. 3.EnviX-Lab. Dipartimento di Bioscienze e TerritorioUniversità degli Studi del MolisePescheItaly

Personalised recommendations