Landscape Ecology

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1069–1082 | Cite as

From supply to social demand: a landscape-scale analysis of the water regulation service

  • Cristina Quintas-Soriano
  • Antonio J. Castro
  • Marina García-Llorente
  • Javier Cabello
  • Hermelindo Castro
Research article

Abstract

Worldwide water managers and policy makers are faced by the increasing demands for limited and scarce water resources, particularly in semi-arid ecosystems. This study assesses water regulation service in semi-arid ecosystems of the southeastern Iberian Peninsula. Comparisons between the supply–demand sides were analyzed across different landscape units. We mapped the biophysical supply as the potential groundwater recharged by aquifers and water supplies from reservoirs. The social demand was focused on an analysis of water consumed or used for irrigation and the stakeholder’s perceptions regarding water regulation importance and vulnerability. Results show that some landscape units are able to maintain and conserve water regulation service when the volume of recharge water by aquifers and the water supply from reservoirs is greater than its consumption (e.g. rural landscape units). However, we also found potential social conflicts in landscape units where water consumption and use is much greater than the water recharge and supply. This particularly occurs in the non-protected littoral areas with the highest water consumption and where water is perceived as a non-important and vulnerable natural resource. Overall, our results emphasized the importance of assessing ecosystem services from both supply to demand sides, for identifying social conflicts and potential trade-offs, and to provide practical information about how to integrate the ecosystem service research into landscape management and planning.

Keywords

Groundwater recharge Over-exploitation Social perception Trade-offs Water consumption Water supply 

Supplementary material

10980_2014_32_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2918 kb)
10980_2014_32_MOESM2_ESM.docx (329 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 329 kb)
10980_2014_32_MOESM3_ESM.docx (502 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 502 kb)

References

  1. Agbenyega O, Burgess PJ, Cook M, Morris J (2009) Application of an ecosystem function framework to perceptions of community woodlands. Land Use Policy 26:551–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andreo B, Vías J, López-Geta JA, Carrasco F, Durán JJ, Jiménez P (2004) Propuesta metodológica para la estimación de la recarga en acuíferos carbonáticos. Bol Geol Min 115:177–186Google Scholar
  3. Andreo B, Vías J, Durán JJ, Jiménez P, López-Geta JA, Carrasco F (2008) Methodology for groundwater recharge assessment in carbonate aquifers: application to pilot sites in southern Spain. Hidrogeol J 16:911–925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andreu JM, Alcalá FJ, Vallejos A, Pulido-Bosch A (2011) Recharge to mountainous carbonated aquifers in SE Spain: different approaches and new challenges. J Arid Environ 75:1262–1270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Armas C, Miranda JD, Padilla FM, Pugnaire FI (2011) Special issue: the Iberian Southeast. J Arid Environ 75:1241–1243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aznar-Sánchez JA, Galdeano-Gómez E, Pérez-Mesa JC (2011) Intensive horticulture in Almeria: a counterpoint to current European rural policy strategies. J Agrar Change 11:241–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berghöfer A, Dudley N (2010) Ecosystem services and protected areas. In: Wittmer H (ed) TEEB: the economics of ecosystems and biodiversity for local and regional policy makers. Earthscan, London, pp 126–140Google Scholar
  8. Borja F, Montes C (2008) La gestión ecosistémica como herramienta territorial para la toma de decisiones. Ecorregiones e integración funcional de carreteras y espacios naturales protegidos en Andalucía. Segundo Congreso Nacional de Medio Ambiente en CarreterasGoogle Scholar
  9. Brauman KA, Daily GC, Duarte TK, Mooney HA (2007) The nature and value of ecosystem services: an overview highlighting hydrologic services. Annu Rev Environ Resour 32:1–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Budyko MI (1974) Climate and life. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Buijs AE, Fischer A, Rink D, Young JC (2008) Looking beyond superficial knowledge gaps: understanding public representations of biodiversity. Int J Biodivers Sci Manag 4:65–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Burkhard B, de Groot R, Costanza R, Seppelt R, Jorgensen SE, Potschin M (2012a) Solutions for sustaining natural capital and ecosystem services. Ecol Ind 21:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Burkhard B, Kroll F, Nedkov S, Müller F (2012b) Mapping ecosystem service supply, demand, and budgets. Ecol Ind 21:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Capel J (1981) Los climas de España. Oikos-tau, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  15. Castro H, Cabello J (eds) (2011) Programa de seguimiento de los efectos del Cambio Global en zonas áridas y semiáridas del levante andaluz (GLOCHARID project). In: Internal Report. Andalusian Center for the Assessment and Monitoring of Global Change, University of AlmeríaGoogle Scholar
  16. Castro AJ, Martín-López B, García-Llorente M, Aguilera PA, López E, Cabello J (2011) Social preferences regarding the delivery of ecosystem services in a semiarid Mediterranean region. J Arid Environ 75:1201–1208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Castro AJ, García-Llorente M, Martín-López B, Palomo I, Iniesta-Arandía I (2013) Multidimensional approaches in ecosystem services assessment. In: Di Bella C, Alcaraz-Segura D (eds) Earth observation of ecosystem services. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  18. Cauwenbergh NV, Pinte D, Tilmant A, Frances I, Pulido-Bosch A, Vanclooster M (2008) Multi-objective, multiple participant decision support for water management in the Andarax catchment, Almeria. Environ Geol 54:479–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Conserjería de Agricultura y Pesca (CAP) (2010) Inventario de Regadíos 2008 y su evolución en la última década. Junta de Andalucía, SevillaGoogle Scholar
  20. Corominas J (2010) “Los nuevos Planes Hidrológicos de las Cuencas Andaluzas” en Seminario Nacional “Los nuevos Planes de Cuenca según la DMA”. Observatorio del Agua de la Fundación Botín, MadridGoogle Scholar
  21. Custodio E, Llamas MR (1996) Hidrología Subterránea. Omega, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  22. Downward SR, Taylor R (2007) An assessment of Spain’s Programa AGUA and its implications for sustainable water management in the province of Almeria, southeast Spain. J Environ Manage 82:277–289PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dudley N, Higgins-Zogib L, Hockings M, MacKinnon K, Trevor-Sandwith T, Stolton S (2011) National Parks with benefits: how protecting the planet’s biodiversity also provides ecosystem services. Solut J 6:87–95Google Scholar
  24. Elmqvist T, Tuvendal M, Krishnaswamy J, Hylander K (2011) Managing trade offs in ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services Economics (ESE) Working Paper Series No 4. UNEP. The United Nations Environmental ProgrammeGoogle Scholar
  25. España Ramírez S (2012) Aplicación de SIG para la evaluación del Balance Hídrico en zonas semiáridas. El caso de la cuenca del río Almanzora. Dissertation, University of AlmeríaGoogle Scholar
  26. Evaluación de los Ecosistemas del Milenio de España (EME) (2011) La evaluación de los ecosistemas del milenio de España. Síntesis de resultados. Fundación Biodiversidad. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, MadridGoogle Scholar
  27. Falkenmark M (2000) Competing freshwater and ecological services in the river basin perspective. An expanded conceptual framework. Water Int 25:172–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Falkenmark M (2003) Freshwater as shared between society and ecosystems: from divided approaches to integrated challenges. Philos Trans R Soc B Biol Sci 358:2037–2049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. García-Llorente M, Martín-López B, Nunes PALD, Castro AJ, Montes C (2012a) A choice experiment study for land use scenarios in semi-arid watershed environments. J Arid Environ 87:219–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. García-Llorente M, Martín-López B, Iniesta-Arandia I, López-Santiago CA, Aguilera PA, Montes C (2012b) The role of multi-functionality in social preferences toward semi-arid rural landscapes: an ecosystem service approach. Environ Sci Policy 19–20:136–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. García-Ruiz JM, López-Moreno JI, Vicente-Serrano SM, Lasanta-Martínez T, Beguería S (2011) Mediterranean water resources in a global change scenario. Earth Sci Rev 105:121–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Haines-Young R, Potschin M (2013) Common international classification of ecosystem services (CICES): Consultation on Version 4, August–December 2012. EEA Framework Contract No EEA/IEA/09/003Google Scholar
  33. IGME (1973) Spanish Geological Survey. http://www.igme.es/internet/default.asp
  34. INE (2010) National Statistics Institute. Spanish Statistical Office. http://www.ine.es/
  35. Lautenbach S, Volk M, Strauch M, Whittaker G, Seppelt R (2013) Optimization-based trade-off analysis of biodiesel crop production for managing an agricultural catchment. Environ Model Softw 48:98–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Liu JG, Dietz T, Carpenter SR, Alberti M, Folke C, Moran E, Pell AN, Deadman P, Kratz T, Lubchenco J, Ostrom E, Ouyang Z, Provencher W, Redman CL, Schneider SH, Taylor WW (2007) Complexity of coupled human and natural systems. Science 317:1513–1516PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. López-Geta JA, Andreo B, Vías J, Durán JJ, Carrasco F, Jiménez P (2004) Aproximación metodológica para evaluar la recarga en acuíferos carbonáticos. Instituto geológico y minero de España y Universidad de Málaga, MadridGoogle Scholar
  38. Lorenzo-Lacruz J, Vicente-Serrano SM, López-Moreno JI, Morán-Tejeda E, Zabalza J (2011) Recent trends in Iberian streamflows (1945–2005). J Hydrol 414–415:463–475Google Scholar
  39. LUCDEME, Martín-Peinado F, Sierra-Aragón M (2004) Mapa Digital de Suelos. Provincia de Almería realizado a partir de los datos del proyecto LUCDEME. Edita Dirección General para la Biodiversidad Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, MadridGoogle Scholar
  40. LUCDEME, Aguilar-Ruiz J, Martín-Peinado F, Diez-Ortiz M, Sierra-Aragón M, Fernández-García J, Sierra-Ruiz de la Fuente C, Ortega-Bernardo de Quirós E, Oyonarte-Gutiérrez C (2006) Mapa Digital de Suelos. Provincia de Granada realizado a partir de los datos del proyecto LUCDEME. Edita Dirección General para la Biodiversidad. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, MadridGoogle Scholar
  41. Martín-López B, Iniesta-Arandia I, García-Llorente M, Palomo I, Casado-Arzuaga I, García Del Amo D, Gómez-Baggethun E, Oteros-Rozas E, Palacios-Agundez I, Willaarts B, González JA, Santos-Martín F, Onaindia M, Loópez-Santiago C, Montes C (2012) Uncovering ecosystem services bundles through social preferences. PLoS One 7(6):e38970. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038970 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Martín-López B, Gómez-Baggethun E, García-Llorente M, Montes C (2013) Trade-offs across value-domains in ecosystem services assessment. Ecol Ind 37:220–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Millennium Ecosystems Assessment (MA) (2005) Ecosystem and human well-being: Current states and trends. World Resources Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  44. Mota JF, Cabello FJ, Cerrillo MI, Rodríguez-Tamayo ML (eds) (2004) Los subdesiertos de Almería: naturaleza de cine. Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Junta de Andalucía, SevillaGoogle Scholar
  45. Pérez J, López JC, Fernández MD (2002) La agricultura del sureste: situación actual y tendencias de las estructuras de producción en la horticultura almeriense. Colección mediterráneo económico: la agricultura mediterránea en el siglo XXI. Caja Rural Intermediterránea, 84-95531-10-0Google Scholar
  46. Piquer-Rodríguez M, Kuemmerle T, Alcaraz-Segura D, Zurita-Milla R, Cabello J (2012) Future land use effects on the connectivity of protected area networks in southeastern Spain. J Nat Conserv 20:326–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Quijas S, Jackson LE, Maass M, Schmid B, Raffaelli D, Balvanera P (2012) Plant diversity and generation of ecosystem services at the landscape scale: expert knowledge assessment. J Appl Ecol 49:929–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. REDIAM (1956) The Environmental Information Network of Andalusia. The Department of Environment of the Andalusian government. Andalusia vegetation cover and land-use maps. http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/medioambiente/site/rediam
  49. Robles-Cruz AB, González-Rebollar JL, Passera CB, Boza-López J (2001) Pastos de zonas áridas y semiáridas del sureste ibérico. Arch Zootec 50:192–515Google Scholar
  50. Rodríguez JP, Beard TD, Bennett EM, Cumming GS, Cork S, Agard J, Dobson AP, Peterson GD (2006) Trade-offs across space, time, and ecosystem services. Ecol Soc 11:28Google Scholar
  51. Safriel U, Adeel Z (2005) Dryland systems, chapter 22. In: Hassan R, Scholes RJ, Ash N (eds) Ecosystems and human well-being: current state and trends, vol 1. Island Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  52. Sánchez-Picón A, Aznar-Sánchez JA, García-Latorre J (2011) Economic cycles and environmental crisis in arid southeastern Spain. A historical perspective. J Arid Environ 75:1360–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Seppelt R, Dormann CF, Eppink FV, Lautenbach S, Scmidt S (2011) A quantitative review of ecosystem service studies: approaches, shortcomings and the road ahead. J Appl Ecol 48:630–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. SIMA (2011) Multiterritorial Information System of Andalusia. Institute of Statistics and Cartography of Andalusia, Junta de Andalucía. www.juntadeandalucia.es/institutodeestadisticaycartografia/sima/index2.htm
  55. Vallejos Izquierdo A, Pulido Bosch A, Daniele D, Martín Rosales W (2008) The intensive exploitation of aquifers and its implications for sustainable water management in a semi-arid zone (Almería, SE Spain). Paper presented at the Iahr International Groundwater Symposium: Flow and Transport in Heterogeneous Subsurface Formations: theory Modelling and Applications (Estambul (Turquía)), Bogaziçi Universitesi (Instambul), Estambul (Turquía), pp 657–664Google Scholar
  56. Ward FA (2007) Decision support for water policy: a review of economic concepts and tools. Water Policy 9:1–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Water Law RD (2001) Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2001, por el que se aprueba el Texto Redifundido de la Ley de Aguas. BOE 176, 26791–26817Google Scholar
  58. Whittaker GW, Confesor JR, Griffith SM, Färe R, Grosskopf S, Steiner JJ, Muellerwarran JJG, Banowetz GM (2009) A hybrid genetic algorithm for multiobjective problems with activity analysis-based local search. Eur J Oper Res 193:195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. MED-EUWI, Working Group on Groundwater (2007) Mediterranean Groundwater Report. Technical report on groundwater management in Mediterranean and the Water Framework DirectiveGoogle Scholar
  60. World Water Assessment Programme (2009) The United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in a Changing World. UNESCO Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Quintas-Soriano
    • 1
    • 4
  • Antonio J. Castro
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marina García-Llorente
    • 3
    • 4
  • Javier Cabello
    • 1
  • Hermelindo Castro
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology and Geology Department, Andalusian Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring Global ChangeUniversity of AlmeriaAlmeríaSpain
  2. 2.Oklahoma Biological SurveyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  3. 3.Sociology and the Environment Research Area, Social Analysis DepartmentUniversidad Carlos III de MadridGetafeSpain
  4. 4.Social-Ecological Systems Laboratory, Department of EcologyUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations