The expression of aquaporin-4 is regulated based on innervation in skeletal muscles
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Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a selective water channel, which expresses on the plasma membrane of myofibers and regulates the osmotic pressure, energy metabolism and morphological changes in myofibers by modulating water transport across sarcolemma in skeletal muscles. Although the physiological roles of AQP4 have been gradually clarified in skeletal muscles, the regulatory mechanisms of AQP4 expression have been poorly understood in skeletal muscles. Recently, it was reported that the expression of AQP4 decreased in atrophied skeletal muscles following sciatic nerve transection, but not tail-suspension. Therefore, expecting that the nerve supply to myofibers would be one of the major regulatory factors regulating AQP4 expression in skeletal muscles, we investigated whether the expression patterns of AQP4 were changed in skeletal muscles by denervation and subsequent reinnervation. As a result, while the APQ4 expression levels were significantly decreased by sciatic nerve freezing-induced denervation, subsequently the expression levels of AQP4 were fully restored during reinnervation in skeletal muscles (p < 0.05, respectively). On the other hand, the expression levels of α1-syntrophin and AQP1, which are respectively structural and functional related AQP4 factors, were stably maintained during the denervation and subsequent reinnervation. Therefore, the present study demonstrated that the expression of AQP4 may be regulated depending on the innervation to skeletal muscles. Moreover, AQP4 regulatory mechanisms may be fundamentally different to those of AQP1 in skeletal muscles.
KeywordsSkeletal muscle Denervation AQP4 Reinnervation
This study was supported by a Grant-in Aid for Scientific Research (C) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP17K01771).
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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