Advertisement

Possibility of application of naphthalene as carbon pyrolysate to obtain mineral-carbon sorbents

  • Dariusz SzychowskiEmail author
  • Barbara Pacewska
Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Physicochemical properties of mineral-carbon sorbents obtained by thermal decomposition of a mixture of aluminum hydroxide or alumina and naphthalene were investigated. Depending on the amount of pre-filled organic substance (naphthalene), sorption capacity, degree of porosity, surface character (hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties) and mesopores surface were tested. Properties of the obtained sorbents were tested by adsorption methods such as low-temperature nitrogen adsorption, adsorption of benzene vapors and thermal analysis methods (TG, DTG). Thermoporosimetric tests were also performed using DSC calorimeter. Investigations of water freezing and melting were carried out in the temperature range from − 40 to + 20 °C. When analyzing the curves of the distribution pore volume with respect to the effective radii for benzene vapors adsorption, it was found that for samples obtained using aluminum hydroxide as a mineral matrix and for aluminum hydroxide itself, the monodispersive distribution of mesopores volume was observed. The above observations were confirmed on the basis of thermoporosimetric tests. Only in the case of pure aluminum hydroxide, different results were obtained.

Keywords

Adsorption Mineral-carbon sorbents Hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties 

Notes

Supplementary material

10973_2019_9240_MOESM1_ESM.docx (613 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 612 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Pacewska B, Szychowski D. Application of adsorption methods to estimate the hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties of mineral-carbon sorbents. Przemysł Chemiczny. 2006;85:171–6 (in polish).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Leboda R, Charmas B, Skubiszewska-Zięba J, Chodorowski S, Oleszczuk P, Gun’ko VM, Pokrovskiy VA. Carbon–mineral adsorbents prepared by pyrolysis of waste materials the presence of tetrachloromethane. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2005;284:39–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gun’ko VM, Matkovsky AK, Charmas B, Skubiszewska-Zięba J, Pasieczna-Patkowska S. Carbon–silica gel adsorbents. Effects of matrix structure and carbon content on adsorption of polar and nonpolar adsorbates. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2017;128:1683–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Charmas B. Adsorption and calorimetric studies of hydrothermally modified carbosils. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2014;115:1395–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leboda R, Mendyk E, Łodyga A. Chromatographic properties of carbosils prepared by naphthalene and anthracene pyrolysis. Chem Stosow. 1988;32(3-4):423–37 (in polish).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Woliński P. Research on the use of naphthalene as a carrier of coal pyrolysate in mineral-carbon sorbents. Engineering thesis. Płock; 2006. (in Polish).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Charmas B. Structural and thermal properties of synthetic activated carbons modified with nitric acid (V). In: Hubicki Z, editor. Science and industry—spectroscopic methods, new challenges and possibilities. Lublin; 2015. vol. II, pp. 769–79. ISBN 978-83-939465-7-0.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gun’ko VM, Turov VV, Krupska TV, Tsapko MD, Skubiszewska-Zięba J, Charmas B, Leboda R. Effects of strongly aggregated silica nanoparticles on interfacial behaviour of water bound to lactic acid bacteria. RSC Adv. 2015;5:7734–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gun’ko VM, Turov VV, Krupska TV, Golovan AG, Pakhlov EM, Tsapko MD, Skubiszewska-Zięba J, Charmas B. States of water vs. temperature in differently hydrated kefir grains. Xiмiя фiзикa тa тexнoлoгiя пoвepxнi. 2016;7(1):86–96.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Majda D, Bhattarai A, Riikonen J, Napruszewska BD, Zimowska M, Michalik-Zym A, Tӧyrӓs J, Lehto V-P. New approach for determining cartilage pore size distribution: NaCl-thermoporometry. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2017;241:238–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Charmas B. TG and DSC studies of bone tissue: effects of osteoporosis. Thermochim Acta. 2013;573:73–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pacewska B, Szychowski D, Żmijewski T. Computer program for evaluation of porous structure of solid. Forum Chemiczne 2000, 2000 Warsaw. (in Polish).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Charmas B. Calorimetry studies of hydrothermal modified carbosilic properties. In: Hubicki Z, editor. Science and industry—spectroscopic methods in practice, new challenges and possibilities. Lublin; 2013. pp. 628–39. ISBN 978-83-937272-0-9. (in Polish).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Landry MR. Thermoporometry by differential scanning calorimetry: experimental considerations and applications. Thermochim Acta. 2005;433:27–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Majda D, Korzeniowska A, Makowski W, Michalik-Zym A, Napruszewska BD, Zimowska M, Serwicka EM. Thermoporosimetry of n-alkanes for characterization of mesoporous SBA-15 silicas—refinement of methodology. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2016;222:33–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Majda D, Zimowska M, Tarach K, Góra-Marek K, Napruszewska BD, Michalik-Zym A. Water thermoporosimetry as a tool of characterization of the textural parameters of mesoporous materials. Refinement of the methodology. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2017;127:207–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Majda D, Tarach K, Góra-Marek K, Michalik-Zym A, Napruszewska BD, Zimowska M, Serwicka EM. Thermoporosimetry of n-alkanes for characterization of mesoporous SBA-15 silicas—towards deeper understanding the effect of the probe liquid nature. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 2016;226:25–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gun’ko VM, Savina IN, Mikhalovsky SV. Cryogels: morphological, structural and adsorption characterization. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2013;1:187–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mechanics and Petrochemistry, Institute of ChemistryWarsaw University of TechnologyPlockPoland

Personalised recommendations