Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 138, Issue 4, pp 2605–2613 | Cite as

Using DTA/DSC data for assessment of the Toop and Muggianu predictive models for the Ag–Au–In ternary

  • Alexander S. Pavlenko
  • Evgenia A. Ptashkina
  • Andrey V. Khoroshilov
  • Elizaveta G. Kabanova
  • Victor N. KuznetsovEmail author


The relative performance of the Muggianu and Toop methods of preliminary prediction of thermodynamic properties of solution phases is tested using Ag–Au–In ternary as a model system, which was recently studied by the present authors. The temperatures of solids, monovariant reaction (where appropriate) and liquids, as well as the heat of melting of solid solutions, were measured by DTA/DSC for five ternary samples. Different extrapolation models generate very different descriptions of phase equilibria. However, accounting for ternary interactions brings all the results into moderately close agreement. In both methods, the values of ternary parameters for liquid phase are more negative than for solid phases (about twice in modulo in Muggianu one and up to ten times in Toop case). This implies the stabilization of liquid in central concentration region. Neither predictive model captures this without accounting for ternary interactions.


DSC CALPHAD calculation Muggianu extrapolation Toop extrapolation Phase equilibria Ag–Au–In ternary 


Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (TDB 13 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (TXT 1 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic ChemistryMoscowRussia

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