Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 139, Issue 2, pp 1507–1514 | Cite as

Thermovolumetric and thermogravimetric analysis of diesel S10

Comparison with ASTM D86 standard method
  • R. S. LeonardoEmail author
  • M. L. Murta Valle
  • J. Dweck


The volatility characteristic of diesel fuel represents one of the most important properties, directly influencing its ignition temperature, thus being an important information for handling and storage safety. The ASTM D86 standard test method is the most commonly used to evaluate the volatility of a fuel at ambient pressure, being used in this work to analyze a diesel S10 from a Brazilian refinery. Thermogravimetric (TG) analyses and density determinations of the ASTM D86 distillation collected fractions of a diesel S10 were performed. TG analyses were accomplished in open platinum pans and in aluminum pans sealed with pinhole lids, from room temperature to 580 °C at a heating rate of 10 °C min−1, using 50 mL min−1 of nitrogen, as the purge gas. Densities were measured from the respective masses and volumes of the collected fractions, which were used to obtain the corresponding distillation thermogravimetric (TG) and thermovolumetric (TV) curves, as a function of respective boiling temperature. The ASTM D86 results are quite like those obtained by TG/DTG curves of diesel S10, performed in sealed pans with pinhole lids. Due to the density evolution of the collected condensed fractions, the shape of the TV curve when compared to the TG curve may indicate the presence or absence of some typical organic classes usually present in diesel composition, which in the present case indicate that it is composed mainly by paraffinic components.


Diesel ASTM D86 TG curve Distilled fraction Thermovolumetric curve 



To the Laboratory of Biodiesel Stability Evaluation of the Chemistry School at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro / Brazil and to the Brazilian National Council of Research (CNPq).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Leonardo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • M. L. Murta Valle
    • 1
  • J. Dweck
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biodiesel Stability EvaluationChemical School - Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio De JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Thermal Analysis LaboratoryChemical School - Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio De JaneiroBrazil

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