Advertisement

DMA analysis, thermal study and morphology of polymethylsilsesquioxane nanoparticles-reinforced HDPE nanocomposite

  • 59 Accesses

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

High-density polyethylene (HDPE) nanocomposites were prepared by a melting-compounding process with a polymethylsilsesquioxane (PMSQ) as nanofiller. In this process, the PMSQ nanoparticles were swollen in an organic solvent using a Ultra-Turrax system and sonication and blended with molten HDPE using a twin-screw extruder. This was followed by solvent removal. Nanocomposites with different PMSQ mass contents from 0 to 1% were prepared. The nanocomposites were characterized with Fourier transformed infrared, transmission electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and by thermal conductivity. The mechanical and thermomechanical properties of the materials were studied. The HDPE–PMSQ nanocomposites presented a remarkable increase in the elastic modulus (E′) compared to the neat HDPE. The obtained mechanical and thermomechanical properties of HDPE–PMSQ nanocomposites were found to be related to the barrier effect of the PMSQ nanoparticles.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. 1.

    Soundararajah Q, Karunaratne B, Rajapakse R. Montmorillonite polyaniline nanocomposites: preparation, characterization and investigation of mechanical properties. Mater Chem Phys. 2009;113(2):850–5.

  2. 2.

    Hua J, Wang Z, Xu L, Wang X, Zhao J, Li F. Preparation polystyrene/multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanocomposites by copolymerization of styrene and styryl-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Mater Chem Phys. 2013;137(3):694–8.

  3. 3.

    Owpradit W, Jongsomjit B. A comparative study on synthesis of LLDPE/TiO 2 nanocomposites using different TiO2 by in situ polymerization with zirconocene/dMMAO catalyst. Mater Chem Phys. 2008;112(3):954–61.

  4. 4.

    Baatti A, Erchiqui F, Bébin P, Godard F, Bussières D. a two step sol gel method to synthesis polymethylsilsesquioxane nanoparticles. Adv Powder Technol. 2017;28(3):1038–46.

  5. 5.

    Zhou Q, Zhang J, Ren Z, Yan S, Xie P, Zhang R. A stable and high-efficiency blue-light emitting terphenyl-bridged ladder polysiloxane. Macromol Rapid Commun. 2008;29(14):1259–63.

  6. 6.

    Zhang J, Chen Z, Fu W, Xie P, Li Z, Yan S, et al. Supramolecular template-directed synthesis of stable and high-efficiency photoluminescence 9, 10-diphenylanthryl-bridged ladder polysiloxane. J Polym Sci, Part A: Polym Chem. 2010;48(11):2491–7.

  7. 7.

    Abe Y, Kagayama K, Takamura N, Gunji T, Yoshihara T, Takahashi N. Preparation and properties of polysilsesquioxanes. Function and characterization of coating agents and films. J Non-Cryst Solids. 2000;261(1):39–51.

  8. 8.

    Kuo S-W, Chang F-C. POSS related polymer nanocomposites. Prog Polym Sci. 2011;36(12):1649–96.

  9. 9.

    Šupová M, Martynková GS, Barabaszová K. Effect of nanofillers dispersion in polymer matrices: a review. Sci Adv Mater. 2011;3(1):1–25.

  10. 10.

    Kodjie SL, Li L, Li B, Cai W, Li CY, Keating M. Morphology and crystallization behavior of HDPE/CNT nanocomposite. J Macromol Sci Part B Phys. 2006;45(2):231–45.

  11. 11.

    Elyashevich G, Rosova EY, Sidorovich A, Kuryndin I, Trchová M, Stejskal J. The effect of a polypyrrole coating on the thermal stability of microporous polyethylene membranes. Eur Polymer J. 2003;39(4):647–54.

  12. 12.

    Park E, Ro H, Nguyen C, Jaffe R, Yoon D. Infrared spectroscopy study of microstructures of poly (silsesquioxane) s. Chem Mater. 2008;20(4):1548–54.

  13. 13.

    Menard KP. Dynamic mechanical analysis: a practical introduction. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2008.

  14. 14.

    Gardea F, Lagoudas D, Naraghi M. Active damping in polymer-based nanocomposites Mechanics of composite and multi-functional materials, vol. 7. Berlin: Springer; 2016. p. 235–9.

  15. 15.

    Ashida M, Noguchi T, Mashimo S. Effect of matrix’s type on the dynamic properties for short fiber-elastomer composite. J Appl Polym Sci. 1985;30(3):1011–21.

  16. 16.

    Hayase G, Kanamori K, Abe K, Yano H, Maeno A, Kaji H, et al. Polymethylsilsesquioxane–cellulose nanofiber biocomposite aerogels with high thermal insulation, bendability, and superhydrophobicity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014;6(12):9466–71.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to F. Erchiqui.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Baatti, A., Erchiqui, F., Godard, F. et al. DMA analysis, thermal study and morphology of polymethylsilsesquioxane nanoparticles-reinforced HDPE nanocomposite. J Therm Anal Calorim 139, 789–797 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-019-08497-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • DMA analysis
  • Mechanical properties
  • Thermomechanical properties
  • PMSQ nanoparticles
  • Reinforced HDPE Nanocomposite