Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 139, Issue 2, pp 855–862 | Cite as

Packing and properties of composite phase change energy storage materials based on SiC nanowires and Na2SO4·10H2O

  • Jian Tie
  • Xin Liu
  • Shengnian TieEmail author
  • Jiqing Zhang
  • Siyuan Jiang
  • Ruixin Tao
  • Xiaobin Huang


SiC nanowires were prepared by sol–gel sintering at high temperature, then shaped and encapsulated Na2SO4·10H2O-based composite phase change energy storage materials. The properties of these materials, named PCMs-1, PCMs-3, and PCMs-5, were then investigated. The best-shaped phase change energy storage material was prepared when the content of SiC nanowires added reached 3 mass%. By scanning electron microscopy, PCMs-3 showed that SiC nanowires and Na2SO4·10H2O-based phase change materials have good compatibility with the network layer structure formed by SiC nanowires tightly wrapping the Na2SO4·10H2O-based phase change energy storage materials. The layered phenomenon of Na2SO4·10H2O-based phase change energy storage materials can be effectively reduced in this way, with increased additions of SiC nanowires reducing the degree of undercooling from 2.8 to 1, 0.5 and 0.9 °C with 1, 3 and 5 mass% SiC nanowires, respectively. The thermal conductivity of the phase change materials also improved, with conductivities of PCMs, PCMs-1, 3, 5 being 0.7812, 0.9941, 1.001 and 1.016 W m−1 K−1, respectively. By comparing the latent heat values of PCMs, PCMs-1, 3, 5 phase change energy storage materials thermally cycled 500 times, it was determined that PCMs-3 had the lowest phase change latent heat loss, effectively improving the cycle life of the phase change energy storage materials.


Phase change materials Na2SO4·10H2SiC nanowires 

List of symbols


The critical radius of heterogeneous nucleation


The specific surface free energy of the interface between crystal and fluid


The volume of single atom


The change of free energy caused by the transition of single atom and fluid phases to crystal phase


The critical nucleation work


The volume free energy of crystallization


The interface free energy of crystallization


The angle between liquid surface tension and solid–liquid interfacial tension


The surface free energy between fluid


The surface free energy between the crystal nucleus


The surface free energy between the crystal nucleus and fluid


Degree of undercooling (°C)


Initial dissolution temperature (°C)


Termination dissolution temperature (°C)


Initial solidification temperature (°C)


Termination solidification temperature (°C)


Melting latent heat (J g−1)


Solidification latent heat (J g−1)


Thermal conductivity at 20 °C (W m−1 K−1)



Na2SO4·10H2O-based composite phase change energy storage materials


SiC nanowires of 1 mass% were added in PCMs


SiC nanowires of 3 mass% were added in PCMs


SiC nanowires of 5 mass% were added in PCMs



Funding was provided by Scientific and technological support Project of Haixi Prefecture, Qinghai Province (Grant No. 174610137100713).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Tie
    • 1
  • Xin Liu
    • 2
  • Shengnian Tie
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jiqing Zhang
    • 2
  • Siyuan Jiang
    • 2
  • Ruixin Tao
    • 2
  • Xiaobin Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Physics and Electronic Information EngineeringQinghai Normal UniversityXiningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Qinghai UniversityXiningPeople’s Republic of China

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