Entropy generation in a nanofluid-filled semi-annulus cavity by considering the shape of nanoparticles

  • Seyyed Masoud SeyyediEmail author
  • A. S. Dogonchi
  • D. D. Ganji
  • M. Hashemi-Tilehnoee


One of the important problems in the field of heat transfer is the investigation of natural convection heat transfer in the cavities. The next step is study of entropy generation. The object of the present work is investigation of the entropy generation in a semi-annulus cavity filled with Cu–water nanofluid. The outer and inner semicircular walls are kept at constant temperatures, whereas the two other walls are insulated. Firstly, the governing equations (i.e., continuity, momentum and energy equations) are numerically solved by the control volume-based finite element method, and then, the entropy generation number is calculated. The effects of the Rayleigh number, the nanoparticle volume fraction, the particle shape and the angle of turn for the enclosure on the entropy generation number are investigated. Also, a new criterion for the evaluation of cavity thermal performance is defined that is called ECOP. The results were compared with those of the literature, and good agreement was observed. The results show that the Nusselt number and entropy generation number increase as the Rayleigh number and the nanoparticle volume fraction increase.


Natural convection Cavity Entropy generation ECOP CVFEM Nanofluid 



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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aliabad Katoul BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAliabad KatoulIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol University of TechnologyBabolIran

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